Chapter 1 Mudawwanah – The Established Number of Times Each Act of Wuḍuu’ Must Be Performed‬

بسم اللّه الرّحمن الرّحيم

توقيت في  الوصوء

The Established Number of Times Each Act of Wuḍuu’ Must Be Performed‬

قَالَ  سَحْنُونٌ   :  قُلْتُ   لِعَبْدِ  الرَّحْمَنِ  بْنِ  الْقَاسِمِ   :  أَرَأَيْتَ  الْوُضُوءَ  أَكَانَ   مَالِكٌ   يُوَقِّتُ  فِيهِ  وَاحِدَةً  أَوْ  اثْنَتََينِ  أَوْ  ثَلاثَا ؟    قَالَ  :  لاَ  إلاَّ  مَا أَسْبَغَ  وَلَمْ  يَكُنْ  مَالِكٌ   قَالَيُوَقِّتُ  ،  وَقَدْ  اخْتَلَفَتْ  الآثَارُ  فِي  التَّوْقِيتِ

I (Sahnuun bin Saʿiid) said to ʿAbdur Rahmaan bin al-Qaasim, “Did you see the Wuḍuu’ that Maalik performed?  Did Maalik determine that the actions connected to wuḍuu’ should be done once, twice, or three times?” He said, “No, except that he performed it properly.”  Maalik did not determine a number of times for doing each act of wuḍuu’ and the hadiths differ about the number of times that are required for the performance of each act of Wuḍuu’.

ابْنُ  الْقَاسِمِ  :  لَمْ  يَكُنْ  مَالِك  يُوقَّتُ  فِي  الْوصُوءِ  مَرَّةً  وَلاَ  مَرََّتَيَـنِ  وَلاَ  ثَلاَثًا

Ibn al-Qaasim said, “Maalik did not determine that the acts of wuḍuu’ were to be performed once, twice or three times.

إنَّمَا قَالَ  اللَّهُ  تَبَارَكَ  وَتَعَالَى  .  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ  آمَنُوا إذَا قُمْتُمْ  إلَى الصَّلاةَِ  فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ  وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ  إلَى الْـمَرَافِقِ  وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ  وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ  إلَى الْكَعْبَينِ

He said, “Allah Blessed and High is He has said, ‘Oh you who believe! when you rise for prayer wash your faces and your hands up to your elbows…’

قَالَ  فَلَمْ  يُوَقِّتْ  تَبَارَكَ  وَتَعَالَى وَاحِدَةً  مِنْ  ثَلاَثٍ .  ابْنُ  الْقَاسِمِ   :  مَا رَأَيْتُ  عِنْدَ   مَالِكٍ   فِي  الْغُسْلِ  وَالْوُضُوءِ  قَالَ  تَوْقِيتًا لاَ  وَاحِدَةً  وَلاَ  اثْنَتَيْـنِ  وَلاَ  ثَلاَثًا  ،  وَلَكِنَّهُ  كَانَ  يَقُولُ  :  يَتَوَضَّأُ  أَوْ  يَغْتَسِلُ  وَيُسْبِغُهُمَا جَمِيعًا

He said, “Allah did not determine that the number of times to perform these acts was one, two, or three.  Ibn al-Qaasim said, I did not see with Maalik, in regards to Wuḍuu’ and ghusl that a determination was made as to the number of times that is required to perform each act of Wuḍuu’ – not once nor twice nor three times – but he used to say, “Perform Wuḍuu’ and perform ghusl and perform them both properly and completely.”

قال ابْنُ  وَهْبٍ  عَنْ  مَالِكِ  بْنِ  أَنَسٍ   عَنْ   عَمْرِو بْنِ  يَحْيَى بْنِ  عُمَارَةَ  بْنِ  أَبِي  حَسَنٍ  الْـمَازِنِيِّ   عَنْ  أَبِيهِ   يَحْيَى   أَنَّهُ  سَمِعَ  جَدَّهُ   أَبَا حَسَنٍ   يَسْأَلُ  عَبْدَ  اللَّهِ  بْنَ  زَيْدِ  بْنِ  عَاصِمٍ    ،  وَكَانَ  مِنْ  أَصْحَابِ  رَسُولِ  اللَّهِ  صَلَّى اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ  وَسَلَّمَ  وَهُوَ  جَدُّ  عَمْرِو بْنِ  يَحْيَى  :  هَلْ   تَسْتَطِيعُ  أَنْ  تُرِيَنِي  كَيْفَ كَانَ  رَسُولُ  اللَّهِ   صَلَّى اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ   وَسَلَّمَ  يَتَوَضَّأُ : قَالَ  عَبْدُ  اللَّهِ   نَعَمْ  ،  قَالَ  :  فَدَعَا   عَبْدُ  اللَّهِ  بِوَضُوءٍ  فَأَفْرَغَ  عَلَى  يَدَيْهِ  فَغَسَلَ  يَدَيْهِ  مَرَّتَيْـنِ  مَرَّتَيْـنِ  ثُمَّ  تَـمَضْمَضَ  وَاسْتَنْثَرَ  ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  وَجْهَهُ  ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  يَدَيْهِ  إلَى الْـمَرْفِقَيْـنِ  مَرَّتَيْـنِ  مَرَّتَيْـنِ  ،  ثُمَّ  مَسَحَ  رَأْسَهُ  بِيَدَيْهِ  فَأَقْبَلَ  وَأَدْبَرَ  بِهِمَا ،  بَدَأَ  مِنْ  مُقَدَّمِ  رَأْسِهِ  حَتَّى ذَهَبَ  بِهِمَا إلَى قَفَاهُ  ثُمَّ  رَدَّهُمَا حَتَّى رَجَعَ  بِهِمَا إلَى الْـمَكَانِ  الَّذِي  مِنْهُ  بَدَأَ  ،  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  رِجْلَيْهِ

Ibn Wahb  transmitted from Maalik (who transmitted) from ʿAmr bin Yaḥyaa bin ʿUmaarah bin Abii Hasan al-Maazinii (who transmitted) from his father Yaḥya that he heard his grandfather Abū Hasan asking ʿAbdullah bin Zayd ʿAasim – who was from among the Companions of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم, “Can you show me how did the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم performed Wuḍuu’? ”  ʿAbdullah bin Zayd bin ʿAasim said, “Yes.”  He then called for water in order to make Wuḍuu’.  He poured water over his hands washing his hands twice, then he rinsed his mouth and sniffed water out of his nose three times, then he washed his face three times,  then he washed his hands up to the elbows twice, then he wipe over his head from the front to the back with both hands.  He began at the front of his head then he went to the nape (of the neck), then he returned them (his two hands) back to the place where he began, then he washed his feet.”

قَالَ   مَالِكٌ   :   وَعَبْدُ  الْعَزِيزِ  بْنُ  أَبِي  سَلَمَةَ   أَحْسَنُ   مَا سَمِعْنَا   فِي  ذَلِكَ  وَأَعَمُّهُ  عِنْدَنَا فِي  مَسْحِ  الرَّأْسِ  هَذَا

Maalik said, ʿAbdul ʿAziiz Abū Salamah judged what we heard to be sound concerning that (matter) and he included with it wiping over the head.

قَالَ   سَحْنُونٌ   :  وَذَكَرَ   ابْنُ  وَهْبٍ  عَنْ   يُونُسَ  بْنِ  يَزِيدَ  عَنْ   ابْنِ  شِهَابٍ   أَنَّ   عَطَاءَ  بْنَ  يَزِيدَ  اللَّيْثِيَّ   أَخْبَرَهُ  أَنَّ   حُمْرَانَ  مَوْلَى عُثْمَانَ  بْنِ  عَفَّانَ   { أَخْبَرَهُ   أَنَّ   عُثْمَانَ  بْنَ  عَفَّانَ   دَعَا  يَوْمًا بِوَضُوءٍ  ،  فَتَوَضَّأَ  فَغَسَلَ  كَفَّيْهِ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  تَـمَضْمَضَ  وَاسْتَنْثَرَ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  يَدَهُ  الْيُمْنَى إلَى الْـمَرْفِقِ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  يَدَهُ  الْيُسْرَى أَيْضًا إلَى  الْـمَرْفِقِ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  مَسَحَ  رَأْسَهُ  وَأُذُنَيْهِ  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  صَلَّى رِجْلَهُ  الْيُمْنَى إلَى الْكَعْبِ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ثُمَّ  غَسَلَ  رِجْلَهُ  الْيُسْرَى إلَى الْكَعْبِ  ثَلاَثَ  مَرَّاتٍ  ،  وَأَخْبَرَنَا أَنَّ  رَسُولَ  اللَّهِ  :  مَنْ  تَوَضَّأَ  نَحْوَ وُضُوئِي  هَذَا صَلَّى اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ  وَسَلَّمَ  تَوَضَّأَ  نَحْوَ  وُضُوئِي  هَذَا  ،  ثُمَّ  قَالَ  رَسُولُ  اللَّهِ  اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ  وَسَلَّمَ  ثُمَّ  قَامَ  فَرَكَعَ  رَكْعَتَيْـنِ  لاَ  يُحَدِّثُ  فِيهِمَا نَفْسَهُ  غُفِرَ  لَهُ  مَا تَقَدَّمَ  مِنْ  ذَنْبِهِ

Sahnuun said that Ibn al-Wahb related from Yuunis bin Yaziid from Ibn Shihaab that ʿAṭaaʾ bin Yaziid al-Laythii related to him that Hamaraan the slave of ʿUthmaan bin ʿAffaan informed him that ʿUthmaan bin ʿAffaan called one day for (water) in order to perform wuḍuuʾ.  In performing wuḍuuʾ, he washed his hands three times, then he rinse his mouth and sniffed water out of his nose three times.  Then he washed his face three times.  then he washed his face three times.  Then he washed his right hand up to the elbow three times.  Then he washed his left hand up to the elbow.  Then he wiped over his head and his ears.  Then he washed his right foot up to the ankle.  Then he washed his left foot up to the ankle.”  Then he said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم perform wuḍuuʾ in the same way that I perform this my wuḍuuʾ.  Then he said, I saw the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم performed Wuḍuu’ like this Wuḍuu’ of mine.  Then he stood and performed two rakʿahs in which, he did not say to himself he sought forgiveness for previous sins,

قَالَ  ابْنُ  وَهْبٍ   عَنْ  ابْنِ  شِهَابٍ   وَكَانَ  عُلَمَاؤُنَا بِالْـمَدِينَةِ   يَقُولُونَ  :  هَذَا الْوُضُوءُ  أَسْبَغُ  مَا تَوَضَّأَ  بِهِ  أَحَدٌ  لِلصَّـلاةِ

Ibn Shihaab said, “The ʿUlamaa’ of Madinah used to say, that this wuḍuuʾ is correct for the one who does it to perform Salaah.

قَالَ   سَحْنُونٌ   عَنْ   عَلِيِّ  بْنِ  زِيَادٍ   عَنْ   سُفْيَانَ  الثَّوْرِيِّ  عَنْ   زَيْدِ  بْنِ  أَسْلَمَ   عَنْ   عَطَاءِ  بْنِ  يَسَارٍ   عَنْ   ابْنِ  عَبَّاسٍ   قَالَ   أَلاَ  أُخْبِرُكُمْ  بِوُضُوءِ  رَسُولِ  صَلَّى اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ  وَسَلَّمَ  ،  قَالَ  :  فَدَعَا بِـمَاءٍ  فَأَرَاهُمْ  مَرَّةً  مَرَّةً  فَجَعَلَ  فِي  يَدِهِ  الْيُمْنَى ثُمَّ  يَصَبُّ  بِهَا عَلَى  يَدِهِ  الْيُسْرَى فَتَوَضَّأَ  مَرَّةً  مَرَّةً

ʿAlī bin Ziyaad related from Sufyaan ath-Thawrii who related from Zayd bin Aslam who related from ʿAtaa bin Yasaar who related from Ibn ʿAbbaas that he said, “Shall I not inform you about the Wuḍuu’ of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم ?”  He said, “He called for some water and showed them performing each action once.  He put his right hand in the water and pour water with it onto his left and performed Wuḍuu’ once.

عَلِيٍّ   عَنْ   سُفْيَانَ   عَنْ   عَبْدِ  اللَّهِ  بْنِ  جَابِرٍ   قَالَ  :  سَأَلْتُ   الْـحَسَنَ  الْبَصْرِيَّ   عَنْ  الْوُضُوءِ  فَقَالَ  :  يُجْزِيكَ  مَرَّةٌ  أَوْ  مَرَّتَانِ  أَوْ  ثَلاَثٌ

ʿAlī related from Sufyaan who related from ʿAbdullaah bin Jaabir who said that he asked Ḥasan al-Basrii about Wuḍuu’, He said, “Once, twice or three times will suffice for you.

عَنْ   سُفْيَانَ   عَنْ   جَابِرِ  بْنِ  يَزِيدَ  الجُعْفِيِّ   عَنْ  الشَّعْبِيِّ   قَالَ  قَالَ  :  يُجْزِيكَ  مَرَّةٌ  إذَا أَسْبَغْتَ

ʿAlī related from Sufyaan who related from Jaabir bin Yaziid al-Jaʿfii who related from ash-Shaʿbii that he said, “Once will suffice if you perform Wuḍuu’ properly.”

عَنْ   ابْنِ  وَهْبٍ  أَنَّ  رَسُولَ  اللَّهِ  صَلَّى اللَّهُ  عَلَيْهِ  وَسَلَّمَ  تَـمَضْمَضَ  وَاسْتَنْثَرَ  مِنْ  غَرْفَةٍ  وَاحِدَةٍ

Ibn Wahb said that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم  rinsed his mouth and blew water from his nose more than once.

Chapter 2 Mudawwanah – Wuḍuu with Water of Bread and Leather Skin and النَّبِيذ (Date Wine) and The Water into Which Insects and Other Things Have Fallen

Chapter 3 Mudawwanah – Wuḍuu’ With (Water That Has) السُّؤْر (the Remnants) of Animals, Chickens, and Dogs (That Have Drank from It)

Chapter 4 Mudawwanah – Facing the Qiblah While Urinating and Defecating

Chapter 5 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About الاسْتِنْجَاءُ (al-Istinjaa’) Because of الرّيح (Gas)

Chapter 6 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About Performing Wuḍuu’ Because of Touching the Penis

Chapter 7 Mudawwanah – Wuḍuu’ Because of Sleep

Chapter 8 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning سَلَس الْبَوْلِ (Incontinence of Urine), and الْـمَذْيُ (Prostatic Fluid), الدُّود (Worms), الدَّمّ (Blood) Coming from الدَّبْر (the Rectum)

Chapter 9 Mudawwanah -The Chapter Concerning the Wuḍuu’ of الْـمَجْنُونُ (The Person Overcome by Insanity), السّضكْرَانُ (The Drunken Person) and الْـمَغْمِي (The Person Who is Unconscious) When They Regain Consciousness

Chapter 10 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning الْـمَلاَمَسَة (Touching) and الْقُبْلَة (Kissing)

Chapter 11 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning the One Who Has Doubt About Wuḍuu’ and الْـحَدَثِ (Impurity/ Impure Substance)

Chapter 12 Mudawwanah – Wuḍuu with Water That Is Used by الْـحَائِض (The Menstruating Woman), الْـجُنُب (The Person Who is in a State of Major Sexual Impurity), and وَالنَّصْرَانِيّ (The Christian)

Chapter 13 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning What Has Been Said About Doing the Parts of Wuḍuu in Reverse

Chapter 14 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning the Person Who Forgets to Do الـْمَضْمَضَة (Rinsing the Mouth with Water While Swishing It Around and Spitting It Out), الاِسْتِنْشَاق (Inhaling Water Up into the Nostrils) and مَسْحَ الأُذُنَيْـنِ (Wiping Over Both Ears); and About the Person Who Separates Some Parts of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl Either Intentionally or out of Forgetfulness

Chapter 15 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About Wiping Over the Head

Chapter 16 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning the Person Whose Wuḍuu’ is Deficient or He Forgets of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl

Chapter 17 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About Wiping the Water from Wuḍuu’ With a Handkerchief

Chapter 18 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About General Aspects of Wuḍuu’ and the Movement of the Beard

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