The Chapter Concerning صَلاَةِ الْـجَنَازَةِ [The Prayer for the Deceased from Matn al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter Concerning صَلاَةِ‮ ‬الْـجَنَازَةِ [The Prayer for the Deceased]

وَصَـلاَةُ  الْـجَنَازَةِ (The prayer for the deceased) فَرْضٌ‮ ‬عَلَى الكِفَايَة (is an obligation that is upon the whole community), وَأَرْكَـانُـهَا أَرْبَـعَةٌ (and its rules are four): النِّيَّةُ (the intention), أَرْبَـعُ‮ ‬تَكْبِيرَاتٍ (four takbīrs), والدُّعَـاءُ‮ ‬بَـيْنَهُـنُّ (supplication between each of them [the takbīrs]), وَالسَّلاَمُ (as-Salaam) وَيَـدْعُـو بِـمَا تَيَسَّرُ (and the worshipper supplicate with which is easy). وَيَسْتَحْسَنَ‮ ‬ابْـنُ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬زَيْدٍ‮ ‬  (Ibn Abī Zayd has suggested) فِـي‮ ‬رِسَـالَـتِهِ (in his Risaalah) أَنْ‮ ‬يَـقُولَ (that the worshipper should say):

الْـحَمْدُ لَلَّهِ الَّذِي يُحْيِي الـْمَوْتى لَهُ العَظَمَةُ وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَالْـملْكُ وَالْقُدرَةُ وَالسَّنَاءُ وَهُو عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“All praise is due to Allah Who gives life to the dead,  To Him belongs the Might the Majesty, the Dominion, the Power, and Sublimity; and He is Powerful over everything.”

اللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬صَلِّ‮ ‬عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮  ‬وَبَارِكْ‮ ‬عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ‮  ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬كَـمَا صَلَيْتَ‮ ‬وَرَحِمْتَ‮ ‬وَبَارِكْتَ‮ ‬عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ‮ ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬إِبْرَاهِمَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْعَالَـمِينَ‮ ‬إِنَّكَ‮ ‬حَمِيدٌ‮ ‬مَجِيدٌ

“Oh Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad in the same manner as you sent blessing, showed mercy and blessed Ibrāhīm and the family of Ibrāhīm.  Surely, You are Praiseworthy and Exalted.”

أَللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬إِنَّهُ‮ ‬عَبْدُكَ‮ ‬وَابْنُ‮ ‬عَبْدِكَ‮ ‬وَابْنُ‮ ‬أمَتِكَ‮ ‬أَنْتَ‮ ‬خَلَقْتَهُ‮ ‬وَرَقْتَهُ‮ ‬أَنْتَ‮ ‬أَمَّتَهُ‮ ‬وَأَنْتَ‮ ‬تُحْيِيهِ‮ ‬وَأَنْتَ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ‮ ‬بِسِرِّهِ‮ ‬وَعَلاَنِيَتِهِ‮ ‬جِعْنَاكَ‮ ‬شُفَعَاءَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬فَشَفِّعْنَا فِيهِ

Oh Allah, he is Your slave and the son of Your male slave and the son of Your female slave.  You created him and You provided for him.  You caused him to die and You will give him life.  You are the One who knows most about his secrets and what he has revealed.  We come to you on his behalf and we are pleading on his behalf.

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬إِنَّا نَسْتَجِيرُ‮ ‬بِحَبْلِ‮ ‬جِوَارِكَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬إِنَّكَ‮ ‬ذُو وَفَاءِ‮ ‬وَذِمَّةٍ‮ ‬أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬قِهِ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬فِتْنَةِ‮ ‬الْقُبْرِ‮ ‬وَمِنْ‮ ‬عَذَابِ‮ ‬جَهَنَّمَ

Oh Allah, we seek with the rope of nearness to You.  Surely You are the Owner of promise and protection.  Oh Allah, protect him from the trials of the grave and chastisement of the Fire.

أَللّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ  وَارْحَمْهُ واعْفُ عَنْهُ وَعَافِهِ وَاكْرِمْ نُزُلَهُ وَوَسِّعْ  مُدْخَلَهُ وَاغْسِلُهُ بِمَاءٍ وَثَلْجٍ وَبَرْدٍ  وَنَقِّهِ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ وَالـخَطَايَا كَمَا يُنّقِّي الثَّوْبُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنْسِ وَأَبْدِلْهُ دَارًا خَيٌرًا مِنْ دَارِهِ وَأَهْلاً خَيْرًا مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَزَوْجًا خَيرًا مِنْ زَوْجِهِ

Oh Allah, forgive him and have mercy upon him and pardon him and protect him ennoble and his houses and make his grave a wide expanse and wash him with water and snow and cold and cleanse him of the sins and mistakes like the white garment is cleansed of dirt and give him a good house in place of his house and a good people in place of his people and a good wife in place of his wife.

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬إِنَّ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬مُحْسِنًا فَزِدْ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬إِحْسَانِهِ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬مُسِيثًا فَتَجَاوَزْ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬سَيِّآتِهِ‮ ‬

Oh Allah, if he was good, increase him in his goodness and if he did wrong, then overlook his wrong actions.

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬قَدْ‮ ‬نَزَلَ‮ ‬بِكَ‮ ‬وَأَنْتَ‮ ‬خَيْرُ‮ ‬مُنْزُولِ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬فَقِيرٌ‮ ‬إِلَى رَحْمَتِكَ‮ ‬وَأَنْتَ‮ ‬غَنِيٌ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عَذَابِهِ‮ ‬

“O Allah, he has come to You and You are the Best that anyone can come to. He is in need of Your mercy and You have no need to punish him.

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬ثَبِّتْ‮ ‬عِنْدَ‮ ‬الْـمَسْأَلَـةِ‮  ‬مَنْطِقَهُ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬تَبْتَـلِهِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬قبْرِهِ‮ ‬بِـمَا لاَ‮ ‬طَاقَةَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬وَأَلْـحِـقْهُ‮ ‬بِنَبِيِّّهِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللّهُ‮  ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮

“O Allah, make his speech firm when he is questioned and do not rest him in his grave with what is beyond what he can bear. And join him with his Prophet Muhammad صَلَّى اللّهُ‮  ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ.

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬تَـحْـرِمْنَا أَجْرَهُ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬تَفْتِـنَّا بَعْدَهُ

“O Allah do not deprive us of our reward for doing this on his behalf and do not test us after him.”

تَـقُولُ‮ ‬ذَالِكَ‮ ‬بِـإثْـرِ‮ ‬كُـلِّ‮ ‬تَكْبِيرَةٍ‮ ‬ (You say that immediately after each takbīr); وَتَقُولُ‮ ‬بَعَدَ‮ ‬الرَّابِعَةِ‮ ‬ and after the fourth takbīr you say:

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬اغفُرْ‮ ‬لحيِّنَا وَمَيِّتِنَا وَحَاضِرِنَا وَغَائِبِـنَا وَصَغِيرِنَا وَكَبِيرِنَا وَذَكْرِنَا وَأُنْثَانَا إِنَّكَ‮ ‬تَعْلَمُ‮ ‬مُتَقَّلَبَـنَا وَمَثْوَانَا وَاغّْفِر لَنَا وَلِوَالِدينَا وَلِـمَنْ‮ ‬سَبَقَنَا الإِيمَانِ‮ ‬مَغْفِرَةٌ‮ ‬عَزْمًا وَلِلـْمُسْلِمِينَ‮ ‬وَالـْمُسْلِمَاتِ‮ ‬وَالـمُومِنِينَ‮ ‬وَالـْمُومِـنَاتِ‮ ‬الأَحْيَاءِ‮  ‬مِنْهُم وَالأَمْوَاتِ

“O Allah, forgive those who are alive and those who are dead, those present with us and those absent, those who are young and those who are old, those who are male and those who are female. You know everything that we do and where we will end up – and forgive our parents and those who have gone before us with iman and all the muslims both men and women and all the muminun both men and women, the living and the dead.”

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬أَحْيَيْتَهُ‮ ‬مِنَّا فَأْحْيِهِ‮ ‬عَلَى الإيمَانِ‮ ‬وَمَنْ‮ ‬تَوَفَّيْتَهُ‮ ‬مِنَّآ فَتَوَ‮ ‬فَّـهُ‮ ‬عَلَى الإِسْلاَمِ‮ ‬وَأَسْعِدْنَا بِلِقَائِكَ‮ ‬وَطَيٍِّبْـنَا للْـمَوْتِ‮ ‬وَطَيِّبْهُ‮ ‬لَنَا وَجْعَلْ‮ ‬فِيهِ‮ ‬رَاحَـتَنَا وَمَسَرَّتَنَا

“O Allah whoever of us You keep alive, keep him alive in iman and whoever You take back to Yourself take him back as a Muslim. Make us glad when we meet You. Make us pleasing at the time of our death and make death pleasant for us. Make it a source of rest and happiness for us.”

ثُمَّ‮ ‬تُسَلِّمُ (then you say: As-Salaamu Alaykum to the right).

إِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَـتْ (If the Janaazah prayer is for a woman), you say: أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬إِنَّهَا أَمَـتُكَ (Oh Allah, she was your slave). Then you continue to say it for the female,  however, do not say, “وأبدِلْـهَا زَوْجِـهَا خَـيْرًا مِـن زَوْجِـهَا (Change her husband for a better husband), لأََّنَّهَا قَـدْ‮ ‬تَـكُونُ‮ ‬زَوْجًا (because she will be a wife) فِـي‮ ‬الْـجَنَّةِ (in the Paradise) لِـزَوْجِـهَا فِـي‮ ‬الدُّنْـيَا (for the man who was her husband on the Earth). وَنِّسَاءُ‮ ‬الْـجَنَّة مَـقْصُورَات عَـلَى أَزْوَاجِهِم (While the women of Paradise are reserved for their husbands), لاَ‮ ‬يَبْغِينَ‮ ‬بِهِمْ‮ ‬بَدَلاً (it is not desired that they [the wives] be changed).”

وَإِنْ‮ ‬أَدْرَكْـتَ‮ ‬جَـنَازَةً (If you know that a Janaazah will take place), وَلَـمْ‮ ‬تَـعْلَمْ (but you do not know) أَذْكَرٌ  أَمْ  هِيَ  أُنْـثَى (if it is for a male or female), قُـلْتَ (you should say): أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬إنَّهَا نَـسَمَتُكَ‮ ‬(Oh Allah! Surely your creation), ثُمَّ‮ ‬تَتَمَدَى بِـذِكْـرِهَـا عَـلَى التَأْنِيِثِ‮ ‬ (then continue to say it over the female), لأَنَّ‮ ‬النَّـسَمَةٌ (because the word: النَّـسَمَةٌ‮ ‬[creation], تَـشْمَلُ‮ ‬الذَّكْـرَ‮ ‬وَالأُنْـثَى‮ (‬encompasses both the male and female).

وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَـتْ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةُ‮ ‬عَـلى طِـفْلٍ‮ ‬ (If the Janaazah prayer is for a small child),‮ ‬قُـلْتَ‮ ‬مَا تَقَدَّمَ (you will say what has already been mentioned) مِـنَ‮ ‬النِّيَّةِ (starting with the intention) وَالتَّكْبِيراتِ‮ ‬وَالدُّعَاءِ (and all of the takbīrs and supplications), غَـيْرَ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬مُسْتَحَبٌّ (however, it is recommended) أَنْ‮ ‬تَقُولَ‮ ‬بَـعَدَ‮ ‬الثَّنَاءِ‮ ‬عَـلَى اللَّهِ‮ ‬ (that you say after the praise of Allah) وَالصَّلاَةِ‮ ‬عَـلَى النَّبِيِّ‮ ‬(and prayer upon His Prophet صلي‮ ‬الله عليه وسلم):

أَللّهُمَّ‮  ‬إِنَّهُ‮ ‬عَبُدُكَ‮ ‬وَابْنُ‮ ‬عَبْدِِكَ‮ ‬أَنْتَ‮ ‬خَلَقْتُهُ‮ ‬وَرَزَقْتَهُ‮ ‬وَأَنْتَ‮ ‬أَمَتَّهُ‮ ‬وأَنْتَ‮ ‬تُـحْيِيهِ‮ ‬أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬اجْعَلْهُ‮ ‬لِوَالِدَيْهِ‮ ‬سَلَفًا وَذُكْرًا وَفَرَطًا وَأَجْرًا وَثَقِّلْ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬مَوَازِينَهُمَا وَاعْظِمْ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬أُجُورَهُمَا وَلاَ‮ ‬تَـحْرِمْنَا وَأَيَّاهُمَا أَجْرَهُ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬تَفْتِـنَّآ وَأَيَّاهُمَا بَعْدَهُ‮ ‬أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬أَلْـحِقّْهُ‮ ‬بِصَالِـحِ‮ ‬سَـلِـفِ‮ ‬الْـمُومِنِينَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬كَفَالَةِ‮ ‬إبْرَهِيمِ‮ ‬وَأَبْدِلْهُ‮ ‬دَارًا خَيْرًا مِنْ‮ ‬دَارِهِ‮ ‬وَأَهلاً‮ ‬خَيْرًا مِنْ‮ ‬أَهْلِهِ‮ ‬وَعَافِهِ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬فِتْـنَةِ‮ ‬الْـقُبْرِ‮ ‬وَمِنْ‮ ‬عَذَابِ‮ ‬جَهَنَّمَ

“O Allah, he is your slave and the son of Your slaves. You created him and provided for him. You made him die and will bring him to life. Make him a forerunner and a stored-up treasure and a reward for his parents. Make their balances heavy through him and make their reward greater because of him and do not deprive either us or them of their reward through him and do not test either us or them after him. O Allah, give him the company of the right-acting muminun who have gone ahead and place him under the guardianship of Ibrahim. Give him a house better than the one he had and a family better than the one he had. Save him from the trial of the grave and the torment of Jahannam.”

تَـقُولُ  ذَالِكَ  بِـإثْـرِ  كُـلِّ  تَكْبِيرَةٍ (You said that immediately after each takbiir); وَتَقُولُ‮ ‬بَعَدَ‮ ‬الرَّابِعَةِ (and after the fourth takbīr you say):

أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬اغْفِرْ‮ ‬لأَِسْلاَفِنَا وَأَفْرَاطِنَا وَلِـمَنْ‮ ‬سَبَقَنَا بِالإِيمَانِ‮ ‬أَللّهُمَّ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬أَحْيَيْتَهُ‮ ‬مِنَّا فَأَحْيِهِ‮ ‬عَلَى الإِيمَانِ‮ ‬وَمَنْ‮ ‬تَوَفَّيْتَهُ‮ ‬مِنَّا فَتَوَفَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَى الإسْلاَمِ‮ ‬وَاغْفِرْ‮ ‬لِلْـمُسْلِـمِينَ‮ ‬وَالْـمُسْلِـمَاتِ‮ ‬وَالْـمُومِنِينَ‮ ‬وَالْـمُومِنَاتِ‮ ‬الأَحْيَاءِ‮ ‬مِنْهُمْ‮ ‬وَالأَمْوَاتِ

“O Allah, forgive our forbears and predecessors, and those who have gone before us with imān. O Allah, whoever among us You make live make him live with imān, and whoever You take back to Yourself take him back as a muslim. Forgive all the muslims both men and women and all the muminun both men and women, the living and the dead.”


ثُمَّ‮ ‬تُسَلِّمُ (then you make Taslīm (say: As-Salaamu Alaykum to the right).


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