Chapter 4 Mudawwanah – Facing the Qiblah While Urinating and Defecating

اسْتِقْبَالُ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬لِلْبَوْلِ‮ ‬وَالْغَائِطِ‮ ‬

Facing the Qiblah While Urinating and Defecating

قَالَ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬إنَّمَا الْـحَدِيثُ‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬جَاءَ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬تَسْتَقْبِلَ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةَ‮ ‬لِبَوْلٍ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬لِغَائِطٍ‮ ‬إنَّمَا‮ ‬يَعْنِي‮ ‬بِذَلِكَ‮ ‬فَيَافِيَ‮ ‬الأََرْضِ‮ ‬وَلَمْ‮ ‬يَعْنِ‮ ‬بِذَلِكَ‮ ‬الْقُرَى وَالْـمَدَائِنَ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬فَقُلْتُ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬أَرَأَيْتَ‮ ‬مَرَاحِيضَ‮ ‬تَكُونُ‮ ‬عَلَى السُّطُوحِ‮ ‬؟ قَالَ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬بَأْسَ‮ ‬بِذَلِكَ‮ ‬وَلَمْ‮ ‬يَعْنِ‮ ‬بِالْـحَدِيثِ‮ ‬هَذِهِ‮ ‬الْـمَرَاحِيضَ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “Maalik said, ‘The hadiith which says, “Do not face the Qiblah while urinating and defecating.  What is meant by that is الْفَيَافِي (the open spaces) of the Earth and not the villages and the towns.” He said, “I asked him, ‘Are you of the opinion the toilets are on the same level?’  He said, “There is no objection to that because the hadiith did not mean these toilets.”

قُلْتُ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬أَيُجَامِعُ‮ ‬الرَّجُلُ‮ ‬امْرَأَتَهُ‮ ‬مُسْتَقْبِلَ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬قَوْلِ‮ ‬مَالِكٍ‮ ‬؟ قَالَ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬أَحْفَظُ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬مَالِكٍ‮ ‬فِيهِ‮ ‬شَيْئًا وَأَرَى أَنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬بَأْسَ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬لأَنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَرَى بِالْـمَرَاحِيضِ‮ ‬بَأْسًا فِي‮ ‬الْـمَدَائِنِ‮ ‬وَالْقُرَى وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَانَتْ‮ ‬مُسْتَقْبِلَةً‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةَ‮ ‬

I (Ṣahnuun) said, “What about the man who has intercourse with his wife while facing the Qiblah in Maalik’s view?”  He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “I do not remember anything from Maalik concerning it, but my view is that it is not objectionable because he did not view the toilets in the villages and towns as being objectionable if they are facing the Qiblah.

قُلْتُ : كَانَ مَالِكٌ يَكْرَهُ اسْتِقْبَالَ الْقِبْلَةِ وَاسْتِدْبَارَهَا لِبَوْلٍ أَوْ لِغَائِطٍ فِي فَيَافِي الأََرْضِ ، قَالَ : نَعَمْ الاسْتِقْبَالُ وَالاسْتِدْبَارُ سَوَاءٌ

I said, “Maalik used to dislike facing the Qiblah and putting one’s back towards it while urinating and defecating in the open deserts?”  He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “Yes facing and putting one’s back to the Qiblah was the same.”

ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬مَالِكِ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬إِسْحَاقَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬طَلْحَةَ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬رَافِعِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬إِسْحَاقَ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬سَمِعَ‮ ‬أَبَا أَيُّوبَ‮ ‬يَقُولُ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬رَسُولُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬إذَا ذَهَبَ‮ ‬أَحَدُكُمْ‮ ‬لِغَائِطٍ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬لِبَوْلٍ‮ ‬فَلاَ‮ ‬يَسْتَقْبِلُ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةَ‮ ‬بِفَرْجِهِ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬يَسْتَدْبِرُهَا

Ibn Wahb related from Maalik from Ishaq bin ʿAbdullaah bin Abii Talhah from  Raafiʿ bin Ishaq that he heard Abū Ayuub say that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم said, “When one of you defecates or urinates, he should not face the Qiblah with front or should he turn his back towards it.”

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬وَذَكَرَ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬حَمْزَةَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الْوَاحِدِ‮ ‬الْـمَدَنِيِّ‮ ‬يُحَدِّثُ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عِيسَى بْنِ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬عِيسَى الْـحَنَّاطِ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬الشَّعْبِيِّ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬اسْتِقْبَالِ‮ ‬الْقِبْلَةِ‮ ‬لِغَائِطٍ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬لِبَوْلٍ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬إنَّمَا ذَلِكَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْفَلَوَاتِ‮ ‬فَإِنَّ‮ ‬لِلَّهِ‮ ‬عِبَادًا‮ ‬يُصَلُّونَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬خَلْقِهِ‮ ‬فَأَمَّا حُشُوشُكُمْ‮ ‬هَذِهِ‮ ‬الَّتِي‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬بُيُوتِكُمْ‮ ‬فَإِنَّهَا لاَ‮ ‬قِبْلَةَ‮ ‬لَهَا

Ibn Wahb mentioned that Hamzah bin Abdul Wahiid al-Madanii related from ʿIysaa bin Abii ʿIysaa al-Hinaat from ash-Shaʿbii concerning facing the Qiblah while defecating and urinating, he said, “That that is in  الْفَلَوَات (the open desert).  To Allah belongs His slaves from among His creation who pray to Him.  As for these  حُشُوش (toilets), in your houses, there is no qiblah for them.


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Published in: on July 17, 2010 at 10:21  Leave a Comment  

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