Arabic Grammar – Chapter 1 – الْفِعْلُ (The Verb) and وأَقسَامُهُ (and Its Parts) Section 1

Section 1 – The Discussion Aboutالْـمَاضِـي‮ ‬(The Past Tense Verb), الْـمُضَارِعُ‮ ‬(The Present Tense Verb), الأَمْرُ‮ ‬ (The Command Tense Verb)

With respect to time, the verb is divided into: the الْـمَاضِـي‮ ‬ (the present tense verb), الْـمُضَارِعُ‮ ‬ (the past tense verb), الأَمْرُ‮ ‬ (the command tense verb).

 الْـمَاضِـي‮ ‬ (The past tense verb) is a word which in itself shows the meaning of something which has occurred in past time, like the words: اِجْتَحَـدَ‮ ‬,‮ ‬جَـاءَ and تَـعَلَّمَ. The signs that distinguish the past tense verbs are: تَـاء التَّأنِـيثِ‮ ‬السَّاكِـنَةِ‮ ‬ (the feminine taa which bears sukuun), like when you say:كَتَـتْ‮ ‬ or تَـاء الضَّمير‮ ‬ (the taa of the pronoun doer), like when you say:‮ ‬كَتَـبْـتُمْ‮ ‬,كَتَبْـتُمَا‮ ‬,كَتَـبْـتِ‮ ‬,كَتَـبْـتَ‮  ‬,كَتَبَـتْ‮ ‬and كَتَبْـتُـنَّ.

الْـمُضَارِعُ‮ ‬ (The Present Tense Verb) is that which in itself shows the meaning of something which most likely will occur in the present or in the future, like the words: يَجْتَحِـدُ‮ ‬,‮ ‬يَـجِـيءَُ and يَـتَـعَلَّمُ. Among the signs that distinguish the present tense verbs are: لَنْ  , لَمْ , سَوفَ , سَ , like when you say: لَنْ‮ ‬أَتَأَخَّرْ  , لَمْ‮ ‬أَكْسِلْ , سَوفَ‮ ‬يَـجِـيءَُ.

الأَمْـرُ‮ ‬ (The Command Tense Verb) is the verb which demonstrates that an action is sought from the second person doer (you) by way of a command or order, like when you say: اِجْتَحِـدْ‮ ‬,‮ ‬جِـيءَْ and تَـعَلَّمْ. The signs that distinguish the command tense verbs depends on the form pattern of the verb, and in addition, the affixing of ي to the end of the verb to denote the second person feminine doer, like when you say: اِجْتَحِـدي.

Arabic Grammar – Preliminary Matters: Point 1 – Letters, Words and Sentences
and The Meaning of الْـكَلاَمُ(Speech) in the Arabic Language

Arabic Grammar – Chapter 1 – الْفِعْلُ (The Verb) and وأَقسَامُهُ (and Its Parts) Section  2 – الْـمْتَعَدِّي‮ ‬ (The Transitive Verb) ‮ ‬واللاَّزِم(and Intransitive Verb)

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