The Things That Make Ghusl [Major Ablution] Necessary from Matn al ʿIzziyah

The Things That Make Ghusl [Major Ablution] Necessary

وَمَوْجُـبَاتُ  الْغُسْـلِ (The things that make ghusl [major ablution] necessary) أَرْبَعَةُ (are four): (1) انْقِطَاعُ‮ ‬دَمِ‮ ‬الْـحَيْضِ‮ ‬(the cessation of the blood of menstruation), (2) وَدَمِ‮ ‬النَّفَاسِ (the blood after child birth), (3) وَالْـمَوْتُ (death), (4) ‮ ‬وَالْـجَنَابَةُ and (major sexual impurity).

وَهيَ (and it) نَوْعَـانِ (is of two kinds):

1. [Ghusl becomes necessary] خُـرُوجُ‮ ‬الْـمَنِيِّ (due the emission of sperm) الْـمُقَارِنُ‮ ‬(simultaneously) لِلَّذَّةِ‮ ‬الْـمُعْتَادَةِ (with the usual pleasure derived) مِنَ‮ ‬الرَّجُلِ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬الـْمَرْأَةِ (by the man or the woman) فِـي‮ ‬نَـومٍ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬يَـقَظَةٍ‮ ‬بِـفَتْحِ‮ ‬الْـقَافِ (during sleep or while awake with fat-ḥah on the letter qaaf ).  ‮  ‬ضِدُّ‮ ‬النَوْمِ‮ ‬(meaning the opposite of asleep);

2. وَقَدْ‮ ‬يَجِبُ‮ ‬الْغُسْلِ (Ghusl becomes necessary)‮ ‬لِـخُرُوجِهِ (due the emission of sperm) مِنْ‮ ‬غَيْرِ‮ ‬مُقَارَنَةِ‮ ‬اللَّذَّةِ (without the occurrence of pleasure), مِـثْلُ  أَنْ  يُجَامِع ‬(like intercourse) فَـيَلْتَذَّ (wherein pleasure was derived sperm) وَلَـمْ‮ ‬يُنْزِلْ (without sperm being emitted),‮ ‬ثُـمَّ‮ ‬يَخْرُجُ‮ ‬مِنْهُ‮ ‬الْـمَنِيُّ (then sperm comes out)‮ ‬قَبْلَ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَغْتَسَلَ‮ ‬ (before the person performs ghusl).

[Ghusl also becomes necessary because of] وَمُغِيبُ  حَـشَفَةِ  الْـبَالِـغِ (the disappearance of the mature male’s penis), وَهِيَ  رَأْسُ  الذَّكَـرِ (that is to say, the head of the penis) أَوْ‮ ‬مُـغِيبُ‮ ‬مِثْلِهَا مِنْ مَـقْطُوعِـهَا (or the similar disappearance of the circumcised penis)فِـي‮ ‬فَـرْجِ‮ ‬الأَدَمِِـيِّ (into the opening of the human being)أَوْ‮ ‬غَـيْرِهِ‮ ‬ (or an opening [orifice] of other than a human being),‮ ‬أُنْثَى أَوْ‮ ‬ذَكَرٍ‮ ‬(female or male),حَيِّ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬مَيِّتٍ (living or dead),وَ‮ ‬إِنْ‮ ‬لَمْ‮ ‬يُنْزِلْ (even if sperm is not emitted).

تَـمْنُعُ‮ ‬الـْجَنَابَةُ (Major sexual impurity) ‮ ‬مَـوَانِـعَ‮ ‬الـْحَدَثِ‮ ‬الأَصْـغَر(prevents the performance [of everything that] (minor bodily impurities prevents),مَـعَ‮ ‬زِيَـادَةِ‮ ‬تَـحْـرِيـمِ‮ ‬ (in addition to preventing) ‮ ‬قِرَاءَةِ‮ ‬الْـقُرْآنِ‮ ‬(the recitation of the Qur’an), إِلاَّ  الآيَة (except for an āyat) وَنَحْوَهَا‮ ‬(or what in is similar), عَـلَى وَجْـهِ  التَّعَوُّذُ (for the purpose of seeking refuge in Allah), ‮ ‬وَالرُّقَـى (protection against magic) والاسْـتَدْلالِ (and seeking justice). [Major sexual impurity also prevents] وَدُخُولِ‮ ‬الْـمَسْجِدِ (entry into the masjid) وَالْـمُكْثِ‮ ‬فِيهِ (and staying in it).

وَالْغُسْـلُ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الْـجَنَابَةِ (Ghusl for major impurity) مُشْتَـمِلٌ  عَـلَى فَرَائِـضَ (consists of the obligatory actions), وَسُنَنٍ (the Prophetic actions) وَفَضَائِلَ (and beneficial actions).

‮ ‬فَأَمَّا فَرَائِضُهُ (As for the obligatory actions) فَخَمْسَةٌ (are five):

(1) نِيَّةُ‮ ‬رَفْعِ‮ ‬الْـحَدَثِ‮ ‬الأَكْبَرِ (the intention to remove major bodily impurity),

(2)  ‬وَتُـعْمِيمُ‮ ‬ظَاهِـرِ‮ ‬الْـجَسَـدِ‮ ‬بالْـمَاءِ (covering the entire body with water),

(3) وَالدَّلْكُ (vigorous rubbing of the limbs),

(4) وَتَخْـلِيلُ‮ ‬الشَّعْرِ (combing the fingers through the hair),

(5) وَالْـمُوَالاَةُ (uninterrupted washing of each limb, immediately one after the other).

وَأَمَّا سُـنَنُهُ (As for it’s sunnah), فَأَرْبَـعَةٌ (they are four):

(1) ‮ ‬الْـبَدْءُ‮ ‬بِغَسْـلِ‮ ‬الْـيَدَيْـنِ‮ ‬(starting by washing the hands) قَبْلِ‮ ‬إِدْخَالِهِمَا (before putting them) فِي‮ ‬الإِنَاءِ (in the water container),

(2) وَمَسْحُ  صِـمَاخِ  الأُذْنَـيْـنِ (wiping the meaty part of the inside of the ears),

(3) وَالْـمَضْمَضَةُ (rinsing the mouth),

(4) وَالإسْتِنْشَاقُ (sniffing water into the nostril).

وَأَمَّا فَضَائِلُهُ (As for it’s meritorious actions), فَسَبْعَةٌ (they are seven):

(1) التَّسْمِيَةُ (starting with the Name of Allah i.e. Bismillah),

(2) وَالْبَدْءُ‮ ‬بِالْغَسْلِ (starting with the washing of) مَا عَلَى بِدَنِهِ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الأَذَى (what is noxious from his body),

(3) ثُـمَّ‮ ‬الْوُضُـوءُ‮ ‬كَامِـلاً (then performance of a complete wuḍuu’) مَـرَّةَ  مَـرَّةَ (once on each limb) وَ‮ ‬يَـنْوِي‮ ‬بِـهِ (intending by it) رَفْـعَ‮ ‬الْـجَنَابَةِ (to remove the major impurity) عَنْ‮ ‬تِلكَ‮ ‬الأَعْضَاءِ‮ ‬(from those limbs),

(4) ثُمَّ‮ ‬إِقَاضَةُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ (then pouring water) عَلَى الرَّأْسِ  ثَلاَثَا (over the head three times),

(5) ثُمَّ‮ ‬إِقَاضَةُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ (and then pouring water) عَلَى شًقِّهِ‮ ‬الأَيْمَنِ (over the right side of the body)‮ ‬قَبْلَ‮ ‬الأَيْسَرِ (before the left side), وَالْبَدْءُ‮ ‬بِالأَعَالِـي (and begin at the upper part of the body) قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الأَسَـاقِـلِ (before the lower part),

(6) وَتَـقْلِيلُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ (using a small amount of water),

(7) مَـعَ  إِحْكَامِ  الْغَسْـلِبِ  كَسْـرِ  الْهَمْزَةِ (washing each limb meticulously with vowel kasrah on the hamzah) أَيْ (that is to say), إِتْقَانِهِ (with thoroughness).

Get full Arabic text by clicking on link: Arabic Text

 Recitation of Matn Al īzziyyah click link: Audio

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