The Section Concerning شُرُوطُ‏ الصَّلاَة (The Conditions of Ṣalaah) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

فَصْلٌ فِي شُرُوطِ الصَّلاَةِ

Section: The Conditions Of Ṣalaah [Prayer]

وَشُرُطُ الصَّلاَةِ طَهَارَةُ الْـحَدَثِ وَطَهَارَةُ الْـخَبَثِ مِنَ الْبَدَنِ وَالثَّوْبِ وَالـمَكَانِ وَسَتْرُ الْعَوْرَةِ وَاسْتَقْبَالُ الْقِبْلَةِ ، وَتَرْكُ الْكَلَامِ وَتَرْكُ الأَفْعَالِ الْكَثِيرَةِ.

شُـرُوطُ‏ ‬الصَّلاَة  (The conditions of  prayer are) :  طَـهَارََةُ‏ ‬الْحَـدَث (purity from minor and major  impurities), and وَطَـهَارَةُ الْـخَبَثِ (cleaning impure substances), مِـنَ الْبَدَنِ وَالثَّوْبِ وَالـمَكَانِ (from the body, clothing and place of worship) وَسَـتْرُ الْـعَوْرَةِ (the covering of the private parts), وَاسْـتَقْبَالُ الْقِبْلَةِ ‬ (facing towards the direction of the Kaʿbah), وَتَـرْكُ الْـكَلَامِ (ceasing and desisting from speech), and وَتَـرْكُ الأَفْعَالِ الْـكَثِيرَةِ (ceasing and desisting from a lot of movements [that are not connected to worship]).

وَعَوْرَةُ الرَّجُلِ مَا بَيْـنَ السُّرُّةِ إِلَى الرُّكْبَةِ وَالْـمَرَأةُ كُلَّهَا عَوْرَةٌ مَا عَدَا الْوَجْهَ وَالْكَفُيْـنِ .

وَعَـوْرَةُ الرَّجُـلِ (The nakedness of a man ) مَا بَـيْـنَ السُّرُّةِ (is what lies between the naval) إِلَـى الرُّكْـبَةِ (and the knee),  وَالْـمَرَأةُ ( and [for] the woman), كُلَّهَا (all of her body is ʿawrah), مَا عَدَا الْوَجْهَ (except for her face) وَالْكَفُيْـنِ (and hands).

وَتَكَرهُ الصَّلَاةُ فِي السَّرَاوِيلِ إِلاَّ إِذَا كَانَ فَوْقَهَا شَيْءٌ .

وَتَـكَرهُ الصَّلَاةُ فِي السَّرَاوِيلِ (Praying in trousers is greatly disliked), إِلاَّ إِذَا كَانَ فَوْقَهَا شَيْءٌ (unless something is being worn over them).

وَمَنْ تَنَجَّسَ ثَوْبُهُ وَلَمَ يَجِدْ ثَوْبَا غَيْرََهُ وَلَمْ يَجِدْ مَاءً يَغْسِلُهُ بِهِ أَوْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عِنْدَهُ مَا يَلْبَسُ حَتَّى يَغْسِلَهُ وَخَافََ خُرُوجَ الْوَقْتِ صَلّى بِنَجَاسَتِهِ وَلَا يَجُوزُ تَأْخِيرُ الصَّلَاةِ لِعَدَمَ الطَّهَارَةِ . وَمَنْ فَعَلَ ذالِكَ فَقَدْ عَصَى رَبَّهُ

وَمَـنْ تَـنَجَّسَ ثَوْبُهُ (He Whose clothing  become polluted by an impurity)  وَلَمَ يَجِدْ ثَوْبَا غَيْرََهُ (and is unable to find other clothing)  وَلَـمْ يَجِـدْ مَـاءً يَغْسِلُهُ بِهِ (or is unable to find water to wash them with)  أَوْ لَـمْ يَـكُنْ عِـنْدَهُ مَـا يَـلْبَسُ (or does not have anything with him he can wear) حَـتَّى يَغْسِـلَهُ (until he washes them) وَخَـافََ خُـرُوجَ الْـوَقْـتِ (or fears that the time of the prayer will go out), صَـلّى بِـنَجَاسَـتِهِ (should pray with it [the impurity on the garment). وَلَا يَـجُوزُ تَـأْخِـيرُ الصَّلَاةِ (Delaying the prayer is not permitted)  لِعَدَمَ الطَّهَارَةِ (due to an impurity [on a garment]). وَمَـنْ فَـعَلَ ذالِـكَ (Whosoever does that [delays prayer])  فَقَدْ عَصَى رَبَّهُ (has disobeyed his Lord).

وَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ مَا يَسْتَرُ بِهِ عَوْرَتَهُ صَلَّى عَرْيَانًا .

وَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ (Whoever can’t find something to cover  عَـوْرَة (his nakedness) صَـلَّى عَرْيَانًا (should pray naked).

وَمَنْ أَخْطَأَ الْقَبْلَةَ أَعَادَ فِي الَوَقٍتِ

وَمَـنْ أَخْـطَأَ الْـقَبْلَةَ (Whoever makes a mistake with regards to the direction of the direction of Makkah) أَعَـادَ فِـي الَـوَقٍـتِ (should repeat the prayer within the designated time) [after he discovers its direction].

وَكُلُّ إِعًادَةٍ فِي الْوَقْتِ فَهِيَ فَضِيلَةٌ وَكلُّ مَا تُعَادُ مِنْهُ الصَّلَاةُ فِي الْوَقْتِ فَلَا تُعَادُ مِنْهُ الْفَائِتَةُ وَالنَّافِلَةُ .

وَكُـلُّ إِعًـادَةٍ (Every repetition [of the farḍ ṣalaah]) فِـي الْـوَقْـتِ (in the designated time) فَهِـيَ فَـضِيلَةٌ (is a meritorious action), وَكلُّ مَا تُعَادُ مِنْهُ الصَّلَاةُ فِـي الْـوَقْـتِ (and every prayer should be repeated in its designated time however).  فَـلَا تُـعَادُ مِـنْهُ الْـفَائِـتَةُ وَالنَّافِـلَةُ (ُThe supererogatory prayers and meritorious prayers are not repeated).

مُقَدِّمَةُ الْكِتَابِ (The Introductory Chapter) from Matn al-Akhdarii

The Section about الطَّهَارَة – At-Ṭahaarah (Purity) from Matn al-Akhdarii

Sections About the Obligatory, Prophetic and Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section: نَـوَاقـضُ‏ الْـوُضُـوء (Nawaaqiḍu-l-Wuḍuu’ [The Nullification of Wuḍuu’]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section About Ghusl: Its Obligatory, Sunnah and Meritorious Actions from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About التَّيَمُّم At-Tayammum (Dry Ablution) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Sections About الْـحَيْض Al-Ḥayḍ (Menstruation) and النَّفَاس An-Nafaas (The Blood Of Parturition [Child Birth]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About الأَوْقَاتُ‏ الصَّلاَةِ Al-Awqaatu-ṣ-Salaah [The Times Of Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section الصَّلاَّةُ‏ الـْـمَفْرُوضَـة (Aṣ-Ṣalaatu-l-Mafruuḍah [The Obligatory Prayer]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section فصل قُـضَاءُ‏ مَـا فِـي‏ الذِّمَّةِ‏ مِـنَ‏ الصَّلَوَات (Making Up What is Owed from Prayers [That Have Passed]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

A Chapter About السَّهْو (as-Sahw [Forgetfulness During Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

مُقَدِّمَةُ الْكِتَابِ (

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