The Section About الأَوْقَاتُ‏ الصَّلاَةِ Al-Awqaatu-ṣ-Salaah [The Times Of Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

فَصْلٌ فِي الأَوْقَاتِ

Section:The Times Of Prayer

اَلْوَقْتُ الْـمُخْتَارُ لِلظَّهْرِ مِنْ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى آخِرِ الْقَامَةِ .

الْـوَقْـتُ‏ ‬الْـمُخْتَار (The preferred time) لِلظَّهْـرِ (for the midday prayer)  مِـنْ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ (is from when the noon day sun passes the meridian)  إِلَـى آخِـرِ الْـقَامَـةِ (until the time of when the shadow of a thing is twice it’s height).

وَالْـمُخْتَارُ لِلْعَصْرِ مِنَ الْقَامَةِ إِلَى الاِصْفِرَارِ وَضَرُورِيُّهُمَا إِلَى الْغُرُوبِ

وَالْـمُخْتَارُ (The preferred time) لِـلْعَصْرِ (for the mid-afternoon prayer) مِـنَ الْـقَامَـةِ (is from the time when the shadow of a thing is twice it’s height)  إِلَـى الاِصْـفِرَارِ (until the  yellowing of the Sun).  وَضَـرُورِيُّهُمَا  (The necessary time for both them [Ḍhur and ʿAṣr)]) إِلَـى الْـغُرُوبِ (lasts until the setting of the Sun).

والْـمُخْتَارُ لِـلْمَغْرِبِ قَدْرَ مَا تُصَلِّى فِيهِ بَعْدَ شُرُوطِهَا .

والْـمُخْتَارُ (The Preferred time) لِـلْمَغْرِبِ (for the prayer after sunset) قَـدْرَ مَـا تُـصَلِّى (is [limited] to the amount of time which will enable you to perform it) بَـعْدَ شُـرُوطِـهَا (after having fulfilled its conditions).

وَالـْمُخْتَارِ لِلْعِشَاءِ مِنْ مَغِيبِ الشَّفَقِ إِِلَى ثُلْثِ اللَّيْلِ الأََوَّلِ ، وَضُرُورِيُّهُمَا إِلَى طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ .

وَالـْـمُخْتَارِ (The preferred time) لِـلْعِشَاءِ (for the evening prayer) مِـنْ مَغِيبِ الشَّفَقِ (is from dusk or twilight of the evening)  إِِلَى ثُلْثِ اللَّيْلِ الأََوَّلِ (up until the first third of the night).  وَضُرُورِيُّهُمَا (the necessary time for both of them [Maghrib and ʿIshaa’]) إِلَـى طُـلُوعِ الْفَجْـرِ (lasts until the appearance of the light of dawn).

وَالـْمُخْتَارِ لِلصُّبْحِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ إِلَى الإِسفار الأَعْلَى وَضَرُورِيُّهُ إِلَى طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ .

وَالـْـمُخْتَارِ (The preferred time) لِـلصُّبْحِ (for the morning prayer) مِـنَ الْفَجْـرِ (is from [the beginning of] dawn) إِلَـى الإِسفار الأَعْـلَى (until the brightness of dawn). وَضَـرُورِيُّهُ (Its necessary time) إِلَـى طُـلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ (lasts until the appearance of the sun).

وَالْقَضَاءُ فِي الْـجَمِيعِ مَا وَرَاءَ ذالِكَ .

وَالْـقَضَاءُ (Make up prayers to compensate) فِـي الْـجَـمِيعِ (for all of) مَـا وَرَاءَ ذالِـكَ (what falls short of that [praying in the prescribed times for the obligatory prayers] [are required]).

وَمَنْ أَخَّرَ الصَّلاَةَ حَتَّى خَرَجَ وَقْتُهَا فَعَلَيْهِ ذَنْبٌ عَظِيمٌ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ نَاسِيًا أَوْ نَائِمًا .

وَمَـنْ أَخَّرَ الصَّلاَةَ (Whoever delays an obligatory prayer) حَتَّى خَرَجَ وَقْتُهَا (until it has gone out of its prescribed time) فَعَلَيْهِ ذَنْبٌ عَظِيمٌ (brings a great sin upon himself),  إِلاَّ أَنْ يَـكُونَ نَـاسِـيًا (unless he has forgotten) أَوْ نَـائِـمًا (or has over-slept).

وَلَا تُصَلَّى نَافِلَةٌ بَعْدَ صَلَاةِ الصُّبْحِ إِلَى ارْتِفَاعِ الشَّمْسِ وَبَعْدَ صَلَاِة الْعَصْرِ إِلَى صَلَاةِ الْـمَغْرِبِ ، وَبَعْدَ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ إِلّاَ الِْورْدَ لِنَائِمٍ عَنْهُ وَعِنْدَ جُلُوسِ إِمَامِ الْـجُمُعَةِ عَلَى الْـمِنبَرِ وَبَعْدَ الْـجُمُعَةِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْـمَسْجِدِ.

وَلَا تُـصَلَّى نَـافِـلَةٌ (supererogatory prayers are not prayed) بَـعْدَ صَـلَاةِ الصُّبْحِ (after the morning prayer) إِلَى ارْتِفَاعِ الشَّمْسِ (until the Sun has [fully] risen), وَبَـعْدَ صَـلَاِة الْـعَصْرِ (nor are they prayed after Ṣalaat-ul-Aṣr) إِلَى صَلَاةِ الْـمَغْرِبِ (until Ṣalaat-ul-Maghrib [has come in]),  وَبَعْدَ طُـلُوعِ الْفَجْـرِ (nor are they prayed after al-Fajr [dawn] has come in), إِلّاَ الِْـورْدَ  (except for the wird [personal invocation and supplications to Allah]) لِـنَائِـمٍ عَـنْهُ (of the one who has overslept [and missed his wird]), وَعِـنْدَ جُـلُوسِ إِمَـامِ الْـجُـمُعَةِ (nor when the Imām of the Friday prayer sits on the mimbar [the place from where the sermon is given] )  وَبَـعْدَ الْـجُـمُعَةِ (nor after Jumuʿah) حَـتَّى يَخْـرُجَ مِـنَ الْـمَسْجِدِ (until he [the imām] has left the masjid).

مُقَدِّمَةُ الْكِتَابِ (The Introductory Chapter) from Matn al-Akhdarii

The Section about الطَّهَارَة – At-Ṭahaarah (Purity) from Matn al-Akhdarii

Sections About the Obligatory, Prophetic and Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section: نَـوَاقـضُ‏ الْـوُضُـوء (Nawaaqiḍu-l-Wuḍuu’ [The Nullification of Wuḍuu’]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section About Ghusl: Its Obligatory, Sunnah and Meritorious Actions from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About التَّيَمُّم At-Tayammum (Dry Ablution) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Sections About الْـحَيْض Al-Ḥayḍ (Menstruation) and النَّفَاس An-Nafaas (The Blood Of Parturition [Child Birth]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section Concerning شُرُوطُ‏ الصَّلاَة (The Conditions of Ṣalaah) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section الصَّلاَّةُ‏ الـْـمَفْرُوضَـة (Aṣ-Ṣalaatu-l-Mafruuḍah [The Obligatory Prayer]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section فصل قُـضَاءُ‏ مَـا فِـي‏ الذِّمَّةِ‏ مِـنَ‏ الصَّلَوَات (Making Up What is Owed from Prayers [That Have Passed]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

A Chapter About السَّهْو (as-Sahw [Forgetfulness During Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

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