Section About Ghusl: Its Obligatory, Sunnah and Meritorious Actions from Matn al-Akhḍarii

(فصل) فَرَائِضُ الْغُسْلِ

Section: The Obligatory Acts of Ghusl (Major Ablution)

فَرَائِضُ الْغُسْلِ  النِّيَّةُ عِنْدَ الشُّرُوعِ والْفَوْرِ وَالدَّلْكُ وَالْعُمُومُ

فَـرَائِـض الْغُسْـل (The obligatory  actions for performing ablution for major impurity): النِّيَّة عِـنْدَ‏ ‬الشُّرُوع (are the intention at the beginning [of  ghusl]), والْـفَوْرِ (prompt continuous action without any delay in between each action), وَالدَّلْكُ (vigorous rubbing [of  all  the parts of the body]), and  وَالْعُمُومُ ( the entire body [should be washed]).

(وَسُنَنُهُ): غَسْلُ الْيَدَيْنِ إِلَى الْكَوْعَـيْـنِ كَالْوُضُوءِ ، وَالْـمَضْمَضَةُ والِاسْتِنْشَاقُ وَالِاسْتِنْثَارُ، وَغَسْلُ صِمَاخِ الأُذْنَيْـنِ وَهِيَ الثُّقْبَةُ الدَّاخِلَةُ فِي الرَّأْسِ وَأمَّا صَفْحَةُ الأُذْنَيْنِ فَيَجِبُ غَسْلُ ظَاهِرِهَا وَبَاطِنِهَا .

وَسُـنَنُهُ (the actions derived from the Prophet for performing ghusl) are: غُسْـلُ‏ ‬الْـيَـدَيْـنِ (washing of the hand])  إِلَـى الْـكَوْعَـيْـنِ (up to the wrists) كَـالْـوُضُـوءِ (in the same manner as it is done in wuḍuu’), وَالْـمَضْمَضَةُ (rinsing the mouth with water)، والِاسْـتِنْشَاقُ  (inhaling water into the nostrils) and وَالِاسْـتِنْثَارُ (exhaling the water), and وَغَسْـلُ صِـمَاخِ الأُذْنَـيْـنِ (washing the auditory canals). وَهِيَ الثُّقْبَةُ (They are the holes [of the ear] الدَّاخِلَةُ فِي الرَّأْسِ (going into the head).  وَأمَّا صَـفْحَةُ الأُذْنَـيْنِ (As for the outside of the ears), فَـيَجِبُ غَسْـلُ ظَاهِـرِهَـا وَبَـاطِـنِهَا (washing the front and back of them is obligatory).

(وَفَضَائِلُهُ)  الْبِدَايَةُ بِغَسْلِ النَّجَاسَةِ ثُمَّ الذَّكَرِ فَيَنْوِي عِنْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَعْضَاءِ الْوُضُوءِ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً ، ثُمَّ أَعْلَى جَسَدِهِ ، وَتَثْلِيثُ غَسْلِ الرَّأْسِ وَتَقْدِيمُ شَقِّ جَسَدِهِ الأَيـْمَنِ ، وَتَقْلِيلُ الْـمـَاءِ عَلَى الأَعْضَاءِ .

وَفَـضَائِـلُهُ (the meritorious actions of  ghusl):  الْـبِدَايَـةُ بِغَسْـلِ النَّجَاسَـةِ (are to begin by washing off impurities), ثُـمَّ الذَّكَـرِ (then [washing] the penis), فَـيَنْوِي عِـنْدَهُ (then making the intention to perform ghusl), ثُـمَّ أَعْضَاءِ الْـوُضُـوءِ (then performing wuḍuu’), مَـرَّةً مَـرَّةً (washing each limb once), ثُـمَّ أَعْـلَى جَسَـدِهِ (washing the upper part of his body), وَتَـثْلِيثُ غَسْـلِ الرَّأْسِ (washing the head [first] three times), وَتَـقْدِيمُ شَـقِّ جَسَـدِهِ الأَيـْـمَنِ (starting from the right side of his body [before proceeding to the left side]),  وَتَـقْلِيلُ الْـمـَاءِ (while using a small amount of water) عَـلَى الأَعْـضَاءِ (on each part of the body).

وَمَنْ نَسِيَ لَـمْعَةٌ أَوْ عُضْوًا مِنْ غَسْلِهِ بَادَرَ إِلَى غَسْلِهِ حِينَ تَذَكُّرِهِ وَلَوْ بَعْدَ شَهْرٍ ، وَأعَادَ مَا صَلَّى قَبْلَهُ. وَإِنْ أَخَّرَهُ بَعْدَ ذِكْرِهِ بَطَلَ غُسْلُهُ فَإِنُ كَانَ فِي أَعْضَاءِ الْوُضُوءِ وَصَادَفَهُ غَسْلُ الْوُضُوءِ أَجْزَأَهُ .

وَمَنْ نَسِيَ (Whoever has forgotten) لَـمْعَةٌ (a small portion [of a limb])  أَوْ عُضْوًا (or an entire limb) مِـنْ غَسْـلِهِ (during the performance of his ghusl)  بَادَرَ إِلَى غَسْلِهِ (should promptly wash it) حِـينَ تَـذَكُّرِهِ (when he remembers), وَلَوْ بَعْدَ شَهْرٍ (even if it is after a month), وَأعَادَ مَا صَلَّى (and he must repeat the prayers he prayed) قَـبْلَهُ (before [washing] it). وَإِنْ أَخَّرَهُ (If he delays [washing the forgotten area]) بَـعْدَ ذِكْـرِهِ (after he has remembered it [the need to do so]),  بَـطَلَ غُسْـلُهُ (his ghusl becomes invalid). فَإِنُ كَانَ فِـي أَعْـضَاءِ الْـوُضُـوءِ  (If it is from among the limbs that are washed when wuḍuu’ is performed), وَصَـادَفَـهُ غَسْـلُ الْـوُضُـوءِ (and the time to perform wuḍuu’ coincides with it [his remembering the unwashed area]), غَسْـلُ الْوُضُـوءِ أَجْـزَأَهُ (the performance of wuḍuu’ will suffice for it).

(فصل)

لَا يَحِلُّ لِلْجُنُبِ دُخُولُ الْـمَسْجِدِ ، وَلَا قِرَاءَةُ الْقُرْآنِ إِلاَّ الآيَةُ وَنَحْوُهَا للتَّعَوُّذِ وَنَحْوِهِ ،

Sub-Section:

لَا يَحِـلُّ (It is not permissible) لِـلْجُنُبِ (for the person who is in a state of major impurity) دُخُـولُ الْـمَسْجِـدِ  (to enter the masjid), وَلَا قِرَاءَةُ الْقُرْآنِ (nor to read the Qur’an), إِلاَّ الآيَـةُ  (except reading of a few verses) وَنَـحْوُهَـا(and what is similar), للتَّعَوُّذِ (in order to seek refuge in Allah) وَنَحْوِهِ (and what is similar to that).

وَلاَ يَجُوزُ لِـمَنْ لَا يَقْدِرُ عَلَى الْـمَاءِ الْبَارِدِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ زَوْجَتَهُ حَتَّى يُعِدُّ الآلَةَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَحْتَلِمَ فَلَا شَيْءَ عَلَيْهِ .

وَلاَ يَـجُوزُ (Nor is it permissible) لِـمَنْ لَا يَـقْدِرُ عَـلَى الْـمَاءِ الْـبَارِدِ (for the person who is unable to bear cold water)  أَنْ يَـأْتِـيَ زَوْجَـتَهُ (to have intercourse with his wife) حَـتَّى يُـعِدُّ الآلَـةَ (until he makes preparations to obtain hot water), إِلاَّ أَنْ يَـحْتَلِمَ (unless the person has had a wet dream),  فَلَا شَيْءَ عَلَيْهِ (then there is nothing required of him).

مُقَدِّمَةُ الْكِتَابِ (The Introductory Chapter) from Matn al-Akhdarii

The Section about الطَّهَارَة – At-Ṭahaarah (Purity) from Matn al-Akhdarii

Sections About the Obligatory, Prophetic and Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section: نَـوَاقـضُ‏ الْـوُضُـوء (Nawaaqiḍu-l-Wuḍuu’ [The Nullification of Wuḍuu’]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About التَّيَمُّم At-Tayammum (Dry Ablution) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Sections About الْـحَيْض Al-Ḥayḍ (Menstruation) and النَّفَاس An-Nafaas (The Blood Of Parturition [Child Birth]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About الأَوْقَاتُ‏ الصَّلاَةِ Al-Awqaatu-ṣ-Salaah [The Times Of Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section Concerning شُرُوطُ‏ الصَّلاَة (The Conditions of Ṣalaah) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section الصَّلاَّةُ‏ الـْـمَفْرُوضَـة (Aṣ-Ṣalaatu-l-Mafruuḍah [The Obligatory Prayer]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section فصل قُـضَاءُ‏ مَـا فِـي‏ الذِّمَّةِ‏ مِـنَ‏ الصَّلَوَات (Making Up What is Owed from Prayers [That Have Passed]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

A Chapter About السَّهْو (as-Sahw [Forgetfulness During Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Advertisements

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://madanitimbukti.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/section-about-ghusl-its-obligatory-sunnah-and-meritorious-actions-from-matn-al-akh%e1%b8%8darii/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: