Sections About the Obligatory, Prophetic and Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Sections About the Obligatory, Prophetic and Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’

فَرَائِضُ الْوُضُوءِ سَبْعَ  النَّيَّةِ وَغَسْلُ الْوَجْهِ وَغَسْلُ الْيَدَيْنِ إِلَى الْـمَـرْفَقَيْـنِ وَمَسَحُ الرَّأْسِ وَغسْلُ الرِّجْلَيْـنِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْـنِ والدَّلْكُ وَالْفَوْرُ.

فَـرَائِـضُ الْـوُضُـوءِ (The fara’id  of wuḍuu [obligatory acts of’ minor ablution) سَبْعَ (are seven): النِّيَّةُ (the intention), وَغَسْلُ الْوَجْهِ (the washing the face), وَغَسْـلُ الْـيَدَيْـنِ (washing the hands)  إلَـى الْـمَرْفَـقَيْـنِ (up to the the elbows), وَمَسَحُ الرَّأْسِ (wiping the head), وَغسْلُ الرِّجْلَيْـنِ (washing the feet) إلى الّـكَعْبَيْـنِ (up to the ankles), and الدَّلْـكُ (the rubbing of each limb) وَ‏الْـفَوْرُ ([washing each limb] one immediately after the other without delay).

(وَسُنَنُهُ) غَسْلُ الْيَدَيْنِ إَلَى الْكَوْعَيْـنِ عِنْدَ الشُّرُوعِ والْـمَـضْمَضَةُ والاِسْتِنْشَاقُ والاِسْتِنْثَارُ وَرَدُّ مَسْحِ الرَّأْسِ وَمَسْحُ الأُذْنََيْـنِ وَتَـجْدِيدْ الْـمـَاءِ لَـهُمَا وَالتَّرْتِيبُ بَيْـنَ الْفَرَائِضِ.

وَسُـنَنُهُ (It’s sunan [the actions of wuḍuu’ which are done in accordance with the tradition of the Prophet صَـلَّى اللهُ عَـلَيْهِ‏ وَسَـلَّمَ‏  are):  غَسْـلُ‏ الْـيَدَيْْـنِ (washing the hands)  إَلَى الْكَوْعَيْـنِ (up to the wrist) عِنْدَ الشُّرُوعِ (at the outset), والْـمَـضْمَضَةُ (rinsing the mouth, while swishing water through it, and spitting it out), والاِسْـتِنْشَاقُ (inhaling water up into the nostrils), والاِسْـتِنْثَارُ (forcing out the water from the nose by lightly exhaling it), وَرَدُّ مَـسْحِ الرَّأْسِ (returning the wiping over the head with wet hands to the front), وَمَـسْحُ الأُذْنََـيْـنِ (wiping the two ears) وَتَـجْدِيدْ الْـمـَاءِ لَهُمَا (while renewing the water for them [by placing the hands back into the receptacle or at the water spout for more water]), وَالتَّرْتِـيبُ (and correct order) بَـيْـنَ الْـفَرَائِـضِ (between the performance of each of the obligatory action of wuḍuu’).

وَمَنْ نَسِيَ فَرْضاً مِنْ أَعْضَائِهِ فَإِنَّ تَذَكَّرَهُ بِالْقُرْبِ فَعَلَهُ وَمَا بَعْدَهُ وِإنْ طَالَ فَعَلَهُ وَحْدَهُ وَأَعَادَ مَا صَلَّى قَبْلَهُ وَإِنْ تَرَكَ سُنَّةً فَعَلَهَا وَلاَ يُعِيدُ الصَّلاَةَ .

وَمَـنْ نَسِـيَ (He who forgets)  فَـرْضًـا مِـنْ أَعْـضَائِـهِ  ([to perform] an obligatory washing مِـنْ أَعْضَائِـهِ (of one of the parts of his body) فَإِنَّ تَذَكَّرَهُ بِـالْـقُرْبِ (and then remembers it soon after), فَـعَلَهُ (he should do it [wash the forgotten part]) وما بَـعْدَهُ (and what comes [the next part of the body which is required to be washed] after it [in the sequential order of washing]).  وِإنْ طَـالَ (If a length of time has elapsed [since he last performed wuḍuu’]), فَـعَلَهُ وَحْـدَهُ (then he should do it [wash the forgotten part] by itself, وَأَعَـادَ مَـا صَـلَّى قَـبْلَهُ (and should repeat the prayer he prayed before it [before he renewed his wuḍuu’]). وَإِنْ تَـرَكَ سُـنَّةً (and if he has left [unwashed], a sunnah [a part of the body that falls under the Sunnah]), فَـعَلَهَا (he should do it [wash it]), وَلاَ يُـعِيدُ الصَّلاَةَ (but he should not repeat the prayer).

وَمَنْ نَسِيَ لـُمْعَةٌ غَسَلَهَا وَحْدَهَا بِنًيَّةٍ ، وَإِنْ صَلَّى قَبْلَ ذالِكَ أَعَادَ وَمَنْ تَذَكَّرَ الـْمَـضْمَضَةَ والاِسْتِنْشَاقَ بَعْدَ أَنْ شَرَعَ فِي الْوَجْهِ فَلاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِمَا حَتَّى يُتِمَّ وُضُوءَهُ .

وَمَـنْ نَسِـيَ (Whoever forgets)  لـُـمْعَةٌ ([to wash] a small portion [of a limb]) غَسَـلَهَا وَحْـدَهَـا (should wash it [that portion] alone) بِـنًيَّةٍ ([along] with [making] intention [to do so]), وَإِنْ صَـلَّى (and if he has prayed) قَـبْلَ ذالِـكَ (before that [before washing the part he missed]) أَعَـادَ  (then he should repeat [the prayer]). وَمَـنْ تَـذَكَّرَ الـْـمَـضْمَضَةَ (Whoever remembers to rinse the mouth with water), والاِسْـتِنْشَاقَ (and to inhale water up into the nostrils) بَـعْدَ أَنْ شَرَعَ فِي الْوَجْهِ (after he has begun washing the face) فَلاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَـيْهِمَا (shouldn’t return to [wash] them) حَـتَّى يُـتِمَّ وُضُـوءَهُ (until he has completed his wuḍuu’).

(وَفَضَائِلُهُ) التَّسْمِيَّةُ وَالسِّوَاكُ وَالزَّائِدُ عَلَى الضَّرْبةِ الأُولَى فِي الْوَجْهِ وَالْيَدَيْنِ وَالْبِدَايَةُ بِـمُقَدَّمِ الرَّأْسِ وَتَرْتِيبُ السُّنَـنِ وَقِلَّةُ الْـمَـاءِ عَلَى الْعُضْوِ وَتَقْدِيمُ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى الْيُسْرَى ، وَيَجِبُ تَخْلِيلُ أَصَابِعِ الْيَدَيْنِ وَيَستَحَبُّ فِي أَصَابِعِ الرِّجْلَيْـنِ وَيَجِبُ تَخْلِيلُ اللِّحْيَةِ الْـخَفِيفَةِ فِي الْوُضُوءِ دُونَ الْكَثِيفَةِ وَيَجِبُ تَخْلِيلُهَا فِي الْغُسْلِ وَلَوْ كَانَتْ كَثِيفَةً .

وَفَـضَائِـلُهُ (It’s faḍaa’il [the meritorious acts of  wuḍuu] are): التَّسْمِيَّة (saying Bismi-l-laahi [at the beginning of wuḍuu’]), السِّوَاك (the use of the miswak – traditional wooden toothbrush]), وَالزَّائِـدُ عَـلَى الضَّرْبةِ الأُولَـى (the addition of two more washings) فِـي الْـوَجْـهِ وَالْـيَدَيْـنِ (of the face and hands [which are added to the initial obligatory washing of them]), وَالْبِدَايَةُ بِـمُقَدَّمِ الرَّأْسِ (beginning at the front of the head [when wiping it]),وَتَـرْتِـيبُ السُّنَـنِ (observing  the sequential order of the Sunnah), وَقِلَّةُ الْـمَـاءِ (using the least amount of water) عَـلَى الْـعُضْوِ (on the limbs [during the performance of wuḍuu]),وَتَـقْدِيمُ الْـيُمْنَى عَـلَى الْيُسْـرَى (proceeding from right to left)وَيَجِبُ تَخْـلِيلُ أَصَـابِعِ الْـيَدَيْـنِ (rubbing between the fingers [of one hand with the fingers of the other hand] is required) وَيُستَحَبُّ فِـي أَصَـابِـعِ الرِّجْـلَيْـنِ (rubbing between the toes is also recommended) , وَيَـجِبُ تَخْـلِيلُ اللِّحْيَةِ الْـخَفِيفَةِ (combing the fingers through a thin beard is required) فِـي الْـوُضُـوءِ (during the performance of wuḍuu’); دُونَ الْـكَثِيفَةِ (especially when [the beard] is not thick); وَيَـجِبُ تَخْـلِيلُهَا فِـي الْغُسْـلِ (and the combing of it [with fingers] is required during the performance of ghusl [major ablution]), وَلَـوْ كَـانَـتْ كَـثِيفَةً (even if it [the beard] is thick).

مُقَدِّمَةُ الْكِتَابِ (The Introductory Chapter) from Matn al-Akhdarii

The Section about الطَّهَارَة – At-Ṭahaarah (Purity) from Matn al-Akhdarii

Section: نَـوَاقـضُ‏ الْـوُضُـوء (Nawaaqiḍu-l-Wuḍuu’ [The Nullification of Wuḍuu’]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section About Ghusl: Its Obligatory, Sunnah and Meritorious Actions from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About التَّيَمُّم At-Tayammum (Dry Ablution) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Sections About الْـحَيْض Al-Ḥayḍ (Menstruation) and النَّفَاس An-Nafaas (The Blood Of Parturition [Child Birth]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section About الأَوْقَاتُ‏ الصَّلاَةِ Al-Awqaatu-ṣ-Salaah [The Times Of Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

The Section Concerning شُرُوطُ‏ الصَّلاَة (The Conditions of Ṣalaah) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section الصَّلاَّةُ‏ الـْـمَفْرُوضَـة (Aṣ-Ṣalaatu-l-Mafruuḍah [The Obligatory Prayer]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

Section فصل قُـضَاءُ‏ مَـا فِـي‏ الذِّمَّةِ‏ مِـنَ‏ الصَّلَوَات (Making Up What is Owed from Prayers [That Have Passed]) from Matn al-Akhḍarii

A Chapter About السَّهْو (as-Sahw [Forgetfulness During Prayer] from Matn al-Akhḍarii

 
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