The Chapter About مَنْدُوبَاتِ الصَّلاَةِ (The Things Recommended) in the Prayer from Matn al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter About مَنْدُوبَاتِ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ  (The Things Recommended) in the Prayer

وَيُسْـتَحَبُّ‮ ‬لِلْـمُكَلِّف (It is recommended for the one who has reached the age of puberty and is held responsible for his actions)  أَنْ‮ ‬يَـتَنَـفَّلَ (that he prays supererogatory prayers) قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الظُّهْـرِ‮ ‬وَبَـعْدَهَـا (before Dhur and after it), وَقَـبْلَ‮ ‬الْـعَصْرِ (before ʿAsr) وَبَـعْدَ‮ ‬الْـمَغْرِبِ (and after Maghrib).  يُسْـتَحَبُّ‮ ‬زِيَـادَةُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬النَّفْلِ‮ ‬بَـعْدَ‮ ‬الْـمَغْرِبِ (Additional supererogatory prayers after maghrib are also recommended). وَهَـاـذَا كُـلُّهُ‮ ‬لَـيْسَ‮ ‬بِوَاجِـبٍ‮ ‬ (None of these prayers are obligatory), إِنَّمَا هُـوَ‮ ‬عَـلَى طَـرِيقِ‮ ‬الْإسْـتِحْبَابِ (but they are recommended).  وَكَـذَلِـكَ‮ ‬يُسْـتَحَبُّ‮ ‬الضُّحَى (Also, the forenoon prayer is recommended),‮ ‬وَالتَّرَاوِيح (along with Ṣalaatu-l-Tarāwīh,  وَتَـحِيَّةُ‮ ‬الْـمَسْجِـدِ (the prayer of greeting the masjid), وَالشَّفْعُ (the Shafʿu) وَأَقَـلُّهُ‮ ‬رَكْـعَتَانِ (which consists of at least two rakʿah) وَالْـوِتْـرُ‮ ‬رَكْـعةٌ‮ ‬بَـعْدَهُ (and the Witr which consists of one rakʿah performed after the shafʿu).  هُـوَ‮ ‬سُـنَّةٌ‮ ‬مُـؤَكَّدَةٌ (The Witr prayer is a required sunnaḩ). وَ‮ ‬الْـقِرَأَةُ (The recitation of Qur’an) فِـي‮ ‬الشَّفْعُ‮ ‬وَالْـوِتْـرِ (in both the Shafʿu and the Witr prayers) جَهْـرًا (is read aloud).

وَيَـقْرَأُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الشَّفْعِ‮ ‬ (The worshipper reads in the Shafʿu prayer) فِـي‮ ‬رَكْـعَةِ‮ ‬الأُولَـى (in the first rakʿah) بِـأُمِّ‮ ‬الْـقُرآنِ (Sūratu-l-Faatiḥah) وَ (followed by) “‮ ‬سَـبِحِ‮ ‬اسْـمَ‮ ‬رَبِّكَ‮ ‬الأَعْـلى” (Sabbi-hisma rabbi-ka-l-aʿlaa) ,  وَفِـي‮ ‬الثَـانِـيَةِ (and in the second rakʿah [he reads]) بِـأُمِّ‮ ‬الْـقُرآنِ (Sūratu-l-Faatiḥah) وَ (followed by) “‮ ‬قُـلْ‮ ‬يَـآ أَُّّىُّهَا الْـكَفِرونَ‮ ‬” (Qul yaa ayyuhaa-l-kaafiruuna).‮ ‬وَ فِـي‮ ‬وَالْـوِتْـرِ  (In the Witr prayer), بِـأُمِّ‮ ‬الْـقُرآنِ (Sūratu-l-Faatiḥah)  وَ (followed by)  قُـلْ‮ ‬هُـوَ‮ ‬اللّه أَحَـدٌ (Qul huwa-l-laahu Aḥad) وَ‮ ‬الْـمَُوْعَـوَّذَتيْـنِ (and the Muʿawdh-dhatayn).

وَ‮ ‬رَكْـعَتَا الْفَجْـرِ (the two rakʿahs of the Dawn Prayer) مِـنَ‮ ‬الرَّغَـائِـبِ (are among those things which are preferred), وَقِـيلَ (and it is said)  مِـنَ‮ ‬السُّنَّةِ (that it is from among those this which are Sunnah). وَيُـقْرَأُ‮ ‬فِـيهِمَا سِـرًّا بِـأُمِّ‮ ‬الْـقُرآنِ‮ ‬فَقَطْ (Sūratu-l-Faatiḥah is read in both of them only silently ). وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).

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