Chapter 18 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About General Aspects of Wuḍuu’ and the Movement of the Beard

جَامِعُ الْوُضُوءِ وَتحْرِيكُ اللِّحْيَةِ

General Aspects of Wuḍuu’ and the Movement of the Beard

قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬عَلَى وُضُوءٍ‮ ‬فَذَبَحَ‮ ‬فَلاَ‮ ‬يَنْتَقِضُ‮ ‬لِذَلِكَ‮ ‬وُضُوءُهُ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِك فِيمَنْ‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬ثُمَّ‮ ‬حَلَقَ‮ ‬رَأْسَهُ‮ ‬إنَّهُ‮ ‬لَيْسَ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَـمْسَحَ‮ ‬رَأْسَهُ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاء ثَانِيَةً‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬الْقَاسِمِ‮ ‬وَبَلَغَنِي‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬عَبْدُ‮ ‬الْعَزِيزِ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬سَلَمَةَ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬هَذَا مِنْ‮ ‬لَـحْنِ‮ ‬الْفِقْهِ

Ibn Al-Qaasim said Maalik said, “Whoever has wuḍuu’ and he does slaughtering, his wuḍuu does not become nullified because of that.  Maalik also said, concerning the person who  has performed wuḍuu’ and then cut his hair, “he is not required to wipe over his head with water a second time.” Ibn al-Qaasim said, “It has reached me that ʿAbdul Aziiz bin Abū Salamah said that he said this from understanding the fiqh.”

قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬وَسَمِعْتُ‮ ‬مَالِكًا‮ ‬يَذْكُرُ‮ ‬قَوْلَ‮ ‬النَّاسِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮ ‬حَتَّى‮ ‬يَقْطُرَ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬يَسِيلَ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬فَسَمِعْتُهُ‮ ‬وَهُوَ‮ ‬يَقُولُ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬قَطْرًا قَطْرًا إنْكَارًا لِذَلِكَ‮ .

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “I heard Maalik mention the statement of the people (of knowledge)  concerning wuḍuu until it dripped or flowed.” He said, “I heard him while he is says: قَطْرًا‮ ‬قَطْرًا  (drip drip) disapprovingly for that. ”

قَالَ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬وَقَدْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬بَعْضُ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬مَضَى‮ ‬يَتَوَضَّؤُنَ‮ ‬بِثُـلُثِ‮ ‬الْـمُدِّ‮.

Ibn Al-Qaasim said Maalik said, “From among those who have passed were those who performed wuḍuu’ with one-third of a mudd.”

قَالَ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬تُـحَرَّكُ‮ ‬اللِّحْيَةُ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬غَيْرِ‮ ‬تَخْلِيلٍ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬إنَّ‮ ‬رَبِيعَةَ‮ ‬بْنَ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬يُنْكِرُ‮ ‬تَخْلِيلَ‮ ‬اللِّحْيَةِ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬يَكْفِيهَا مَا مَرَّ‮ ‬عَلَيْهَا مِنْ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ . ‬

Ibn al-Qaasim said Maalik said, “The movement of the beard in wuḍuu’ is no more than combing the beard with the fingers.  Ibn Wahb said, “Rabiiʿah bin Abū ʿAbdur Rahmān used to disapprove of combing the beard with the fingers.”  He said, the water that passed over it was sufficient.

وَقَالَ‮ ‬الْقَاسِمُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬أَغْرِفُ‮ ‬مَا‮ ‬يَكْفِينِي‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬فَأَغْسِلُ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬وَجْهِي‮ ‬وَأُمِرُّهُ‮ ‬عَلَى لِـحْيَتِي‮ ‬،‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬حَدِيثِ‮ ‬ابْنِ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬حَيْوَةَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬شُرَيْحٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬سُلَيْمَانَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬زَيْنَبَ‮ . ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬الْقَاسِمِ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬لَسْتُ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الَّذِينَ‮ ‬يُخَلِّلُونَ‮ ‬لِـحَاهُمْ‮

al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad said, “I scoop up enough water for me;  I wash my face with it and pass it over my beard.”  It is from the ḥadīth of Ibn Wahb who transmitted it from Ḥaywah bin Shuryaḥ who transmitted from Sulaymaan bin Abū Zaynab.  Ibn al-Qaasim said, “I am not among those who comb the beard with the fingers.”

وَقَالَ  إبْرَاهِيمُ  النَّخَعِيُّ  :  يَكْفِيهَا مَا مَرَّ  عَلَيْهَا مِنْ  الْـمَاءِ  مِنْ  حَدِيثِ  وَكِيعٍ  عَنْ  الْفُضَيْلِ  عَنْ  مَنْصُورٍ  .

Ibrahīm an-Nakhaʿii said, “The water that passes over it (the beard) is enough.”  It is from the ḥadiith of Wakiiʿ who transmitted it from al-Fuḍayl who transmitted it from Manṣuur.

قَالَ  وَكِيعٌ  وَقَالَ  ابْنُ  سِيرِينَ  :  لَيْسَ  مِنْ  السُّنَّةِ  غَسْلُ  اللِّحْيَةِ  وَأَنَّ  ابْنَ  عَبَّاسٍ  لَمْ  يَكُنْ  يُخَلِّلُ  لِـحْيَتَهُ  عِنْدَ  الْوُضُوءِ  مِنْ  حَدِيثِ  ابْنِ  وَهْبٍ  عَنْ  عَبْدِ  الْـجَبَّارِ  بْنِ  عُمَرَ

Ibn Sīrīn said, “Washing the beard is not part of the Sunnah, and Ibn ʿAbbaas did not comb his beard with his fingers when performing wuḍuu’.”  It is from the ḥadiith of Ibn Wahb who transmitted from ʿAbdul Jabbaar bin ʿUmar.

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One CommentLeave a comment

  1. As salamu ‘alaykum barak Allahu fikum for this great work ! Did you plan a continuation ?


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