The Beneficial Actions of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al ʿIzziyah

The Beneficial Actions of Wuḍuu’

فَضَائِلُهُ‮ ‬إِحْدَى عَشَرَةَ (The beneficial actions of wuḍuu’ are eleven):

الأُولَـى التَّسْمِيَّةُ (The first beneficial action: is to say In the Name of Allah) فِـيابْـتِدَاءِ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءِ (at the beginning of wuḍuu’). بِـأَنْ‮ ‬يَـقُولَ‮ ‬بِـسْمِ‮ ‬اللهِ‮ ‬ (It is to say: بِـسْمِ‮ ‬الله‮ ‬[In the Name of Allah]). وَإِذَا نَسِـيَهَا (If the one performing wuḍuu’  forgot to say  بِـسْمِ‮ ‬الله‮ ‬[In the Name of Allah]) فِـي‮ ‬ابْـتِدَائِـهِ (at the beginning of his wuḍuu’),ثُـمَّ‮ ‬تَـذَكَّرَهَا (then he remembers it) فِـي‮ ‬أَثْنَائِهِ‮ ‬(while performing it), أَتَى بِهَا  (he should say it [the Basmalah]).

الثَّانِـيَةُ‮ ‬الدُّعَـاءُ‮ ‬بَـعْدَ‮ ‬الْـفَرَاغِ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ (The second beneficial action: is to recite the supplication that is said at the completion of wuḍuu) بِأَنْ‮ ‬يَقُولَ (which the worshipper says) وَهُوَ‮ ‬رَافِعٌ‮ ‬ظَرْفَهُ (while raising his index finger) إِلَى السَّمَاءِ (to the sky):

أَشْهَدُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬إِلَـاـه الاَّ‮ ‬الله وَحْدَهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬شَريكَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬وَأَشْهَدُ‮ ‬أَنَّ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ‮ ‬وَرَسُولُهُ‮ ‬اللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬اجْعَلْنِي‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬التَّوَابِينَ‮ ‬وَاجْعَلْنِي‮ ‬مِن الْـمُتَطَهِّرِينَ‮.  ‬

I openly bear witness that there is no God, other than Allah, Who is Alone without a partner for Him, and I openly bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His messenger. Oh Allah, Place me among the repentant and place me among the purified ones.

‮ ‬الثَّالِثَةُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يَـتَكَلَّمَ (The third beneficial action: is for the one who is performing wuḍuu not to talk فِي‮ ‬وُضُوئِهِ (while performing his ablution);

الرَّابِـعَةُ‮ ‬قِـلَّةُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ (The fourth beneficial action: is the use a small amount of water, بِلاَ‮ ‬حَدٍّ (but without limits), كَـالْغُسْـلِ similar to ghusl. مَـعَ‮ ‬إِحْـكَامِـهِمَا (with the rules for both of them [wuḍuu’ or ghusl]) إتْـقَانِـهِمَا (being exactly the same).

الْـخَامِـسَةُ السِّوَاكِ (The fifth beneficial action: is to use of siwaak) بِـعُودٍ (with a small stick)‮ ‬رَطْـبٍ (wet)  أَوْ‮ ‬يَـابِـسٍ‮ ‬(or dry). وَالأَخْـضَرُ‮ ‬أَفْـضَلُ (The green stick is the best kind) لِـغَيْرِ‮ ‬الصَّائِـمِ (for everyone except the individual who is fasting). فَإِنْ‮ ‬لَـمْ‮ ‬يَجِـدْ‮ ‬عُـودًا (If a stick is not found) فَـبِأَصْـبُعِهِ (then the finger of the person who is performing wuḍuu will suffice) أَوْ‮ ‬بِشَـيْءٍ‮ ‬خَـشِنٍ (or something course). يَسْـتَاكُ‮ ‬بِـالْـيُمْنَي ( He should brush the teeth with the right hand), وَ‮ ‬يَـكُونُ‮ ‬قَـبْلَ‮ ‬الْـوضُـوءِ (and it is done before performing wuḍuu’), وَيَـتَمَضْمَضُ (and he should rinse his mouth) بَـعْدَهُ (after it). وَإِذَا بَـعُدَ‮ ‬ (If there is a long period of time) مَـا بَـيـْنَ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءِ‮ ‬(between the wuḍuu and the prayer), اسْـتَاكَ (he should brush his teeth). وَإِنْ‮ ‬حَـضَرَتْ‮ ‬صًـلاَةُ‮ ‬أُخْـرَى‮ ‬(If another prayer comes in), وَهُـوً‮ ‬عَـلَى طَـهَارَةٍ (and he still has wuḍuu’), اسْـتَاكَ‮ ‬لِـلثَّانِـيَةِ (then he should brush his teeth again).

السَّادِسَةُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَتَوَضَّأَ (The sixth beneficial action: is to perform wuḍuu’) فِي‮ ‬مَكَانٍ‮ ‬طَاهِرٍ (in a clean place).

السَّابِِـعة أَنْ‮ ‬يَـكُونَ‮ ‬ألإنَـاءِ (The seventh beneficial action: for the one who is performing wuḍuu’ is to place the water container) عَـنْ‮ ‬يَـمِينِهِ (on his right side) إِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬مَـفْتُوحًـا (if it is open).

الثَّامِـنَة أَنْ‮ ‬يُـقَدِّمَ (The Eighth beneficial action: is to start)‮  ‬غَسْـلَ‮ ‬الْـمَيَامِـنِ (by washing the right side) عَلَى الْـمَيَاسِرِ (before the left side).

التَّاسِعَةُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَبْدَأَ‮ ‬(The ninth beneficial action: is to begin) بِتُقَدِّمَ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ (at the front of the head);

الْـعَاشِـرَةُ الـْـمَسْنُونَ‮ ‬مَـعَ‮ ‬الْـمَسْنُونِ‮  ‬(Tenth beneficial action: is to perform in sequential order the prescribed sunnah)‮ ‬كَـالْـمَضْمَضَةُ (like the rinsing of the mouth) والإسْـتِنْشاَقِ (and the inhaling of water).

الْـحَادِيَةُ‮ ‬عَشَـرَةِ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يُكَرِّرَ‮ ‬الْـمَغْسُولَ‮ ‬ثَـلاَثَـا (The eleventh beneficial action: is to repeat the washing of the the limbs of wuḍuu’ three times),  بِـخِلاَفِ‮ ‬الْـمَمْسُوحِ (with the exception of the parts that are wiped over only once), وَهُـوَ‮ ‬الرَّاسُ (and they are the head) وَأُذُنَـانِ (and the ears). فَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَيَستَجِبُ (It is not recommended) تَـكْرَارُ‮ ‬مَـسْحِهِ‮ ‬(to repeat wiping over them).

تَنْبِيهNote / Rule: 2

الزِّيَادَةُ‮ ‬عَلَى الثَّلاَثَةٍ‮ ‬غَـيرَمَشَـرُوعَـةٍ‮  ‬وَإختُلِفَ‮ ‬هَـل تُـكرَهُ‮ ‬أو تَـمْـنُوعُ‮  ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬يَسْتَحَبُّ‮ ‬إطالَةُ‮ ‬الغُرٌةِ‮ ‬وَهِيَ‮ ‬الزِّيَادَةُ‮ ‬عَلَى مَا وَجَبَ‮ ‬غَسْلُهّ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الْوَجْهِ‮ ‬وَالْيَدَيْنِ‮ ‬مَعَ‮ ‬الْـمِرْفَقَيْـنِ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬مَـسحُ‮ ‬الٌرقبَةِ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬بَأْسَ‮ ‬بِـمَسحِ‮ ‬الاَعضَاءِ‮ ‬بِالْـمَنْدِيلِ‮ ‬

الزِّيَـادَةُ‮ ‬عَـلَى الثَّلاَثَـةٍ (An increase above three washings) غَـيرَمَشَـرُوعَـةٍ (is not correct) وَإخْـتُلِفَ (and it has been debated) هَـل تُـكرَهُ‮ ‬أو تَـمْـنُوعُ (as to whether it disliked or prohibited?) قَـوْلاَنِ‮ ‬مَـشْهُورَانِ (The two are well known debates). إطالَـةُ‮ ‬الغُرٌةِ (The lengthening of the blaze) وَلاَ‮ ‬يَسْـتَحَبُّ‮ ‬ (is not recommended). وَهِيَ‮ ‬الزِّيَـادَةُ (It is to go beyond) عَـلَى مَا وَجَبَ‮ ‬غَسْـلُهُ (what is required of the person performing wuḍuu’ while washing) مِـنْ‮ ‬الْـوَجْـهِ (the face) وَالْـيَدَيْنِ (and the hands) مَـعَ‮ ‬الْـمِرْفَـقَيْـنِ (up to and including the elbows). وَلاَ‮ ‬مَـسحُ‮ ‬الٌـرقبَةِ (The neck should not be wiped), وَلاَ‮ ‬بَـأْسَ (but there is no objection) بِـمَسحِ‮ ‬الاَعْـضَاءِ (to wiping the limbs) بِـالْـمَنْدِيلِ (with the handkerchief).

Get full Arabic text by clicking on link: Arabic Text

 Recitation of Matn Al ʿIzziyyah click link: Audio

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