The Chapter About فَـرَائِضِ الصَّلاَةِ (The Obligatory Actions of Prayer),سُـنَـنِهَا (It’s Actions Derived From The Prophet Muhammad), فَـضَائِـلِهَا (It’s Meritorious Actions) and مَـكْرُوهَاتِهَا (It’s Actions Which are Disliked) from Matn al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter About فَـرَائِضِ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ (The Obligatory Actions  of Prayer), سُـنَـنِهَا (It’s Actions Derived From The Prophet Muhammad), فَـضَائِـلِهَا (It’s Meritorious Actions)  and مَـكْرُوهَاتِهَا (It’s Actions Which are Disliked)

فَـأَمَّا فَـرَائِـضُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَة (As for the obligatory actions of the prayer), فَـثِلاَثَـةَ‮ ‬عَشَرَ (they are thirteen): 1) النِّيَّة (the intention), 2) وَتَـكْبِيرَةُ‮ ‬الإحْـرَام (saying Allahu akbar at the beginning of Ṣalaah), 3) وَالْقِيَامُ‮ ‬لَهَا (assuming the standing position for the prayer), 4) وَقِـرَأَةُ‮ ‬الْفَاتِـحَة (reading the first chapter of the Holy Qur’an titled: ‘al-Faatiḥah’), 5) وَالْـقِيَامُ‮ ‬لَـهَا  (assuming the standing position for the recitation of al-Faatiḥah), 6) وَالرُّكُـوعُ (assuming the bowing position), 7) وَالرَّفْـعُ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ (rising up from the bowing position), 8)‮ ‬وَالسُجُود‮ ‬(assuming the position of prostration), 9) وَالرَّفْـعُ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ (rising up from the position of prostration), 10) وَالْـجُـلُـسُ (assuming the sitting position) which is the final sitting done in conjunction with the closing salaam, 11) وَالسَّلاَمُ‮ ‬الْـمُعَرَّفُ‮ ‬بِـالأَلِـفِ‮ ‬واللاَّمِ (the Salaam preceded by alif and laam), 12) وَالطُّمَأْنِـيَنَةُ  (calmness) and 13) وَالاِعْـتِدَلُ (collectedness) وَأَمَّا سُـنَنُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَة (As for the actions of the prayer which have been derived from the Prophet Muhammad), they are twelve: 1) السُّورَةُ‮ ‬بَعْدَ‮ ‬الْـفَاتِـحَةِ (the sūrah which is read after al-Faatiḥah in  ركعة الأُلَـى (the first rakʿah) 2) وَالثَّانِـيَة (the second rakʿah), 3) وَالْـقِيَامُ‮ ‬لَـهَا (assuming the standing position for the sūrah), 4) وَالسِّرُّ‮ ‬فِـيمَا‮ ‬يُسَـرُّ‮ ‬فيهِ (praying silently in the prayers that are said silently), 5) وَالْـجَهْـرُ‮ ‬فِـيمَا‮ ‬يَجْهَـرُ‮ ‬فِـيهِ (praying aloud in the prayers that are said aloud), 6) وَكُـلُّ‮ ‬تَـكْبِيرَةٍ (every Takbiirah [Allahu Akbar]) is a sunnah, except تَـكْبِيرَةُ‮ ‬الإحْـرَام (Takbiiratu-l-Iḥraam) which is a farḍ and has already been mentioned), 7) وَسَـمِعَ‮ ‬اللَّهُ‮ ‬لِـمَنْ‮ ‬حَـمِدَهُ‮ ‬للإمام (the imām and the one praying alone saying: sami’a-l-laahu li-man ḥamidah), 8)  وَالْـجُـلُـوسُ‮ ‬الأَوَّلُ (the first sitting), 9) وَالزِّيَـادُ‮ ‬عَـلَى قِـدْرِ‮ ‬السَّلاَمِ‮ ‬ (the addition of the salaam [as-salaam alaykum]) مِـنَ‮ ‬الْـجُـلُسِ‮ ‬الثَّانِـي‮ ‬(that is done in the second sitting), 10) وَرَدُّ‮ ‬الْـمُقْتَدِي‮ ‬عَـلَى إِمَـامِـهِ‮ ‬السَّلاَم (the reply of the one following the imām to the salaam of his imām), 11) likewise, رَدُّهُ‮ ‬عَـلَى مَـنْ‮ ‬يَـسَارِهِ‮ ‬ (the reply of the  one following the imām to the salaam of the person on his left) إِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬عَـلَى‮ ‬يَـسَارِهِ‮ ‬أَحَـدٌ (if some is on his left).  12) وَالسِّتْرَةُ (the barrier) for the imām and وَالْـفَذُّ (the one praying alone), when it is feared that someone will pass in front of them. وَأَمَّا فَـضَائِـلُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَة (As for the meritorious actions of prayer), they are ten: 1) رَفَـعَ‮ ‬الْـيَدَيْـن raising the hands عِـنْدَ تَـكْبِيرَةُ‮ ‬الإحْـرَام (with the pronouncement of Takbiiratu-l-Iḥraam [Allahu Akbar]), 2) وَتَـطْوِيلُ‮ ‬قِـرَاءَةِ‮ ‬الصُّبْحِ‮ ‬وَالظُّهْـرِ  (lengthening the reading of Qur’an) in the Ṣubḥ and Ḍhuhr prayers, 3) وَتَـقْصِيرُ‮ ‬قِـرَاءَةِ‮ ‬الععَصْرِ‮ ‬وَالْـمَغْرِبِ‮ ‬(shortening  the  reading  of  Qur’an)  in  the  ʿAsr  and  Maghrib  prayers,  4)  تَـوَسُّطُ‮ ‬الْـعِشَاء (moderating the reading of Qur’an) in the ʿIshaa’ prayer, 5) وَقَـولُ‭:‬‮ ‬رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ‮ ‬الْـحَـمْدُ (the saying of: Rabbanaa wa laka-l-Ḥamd) لِـلْـمُـقْتَدِي‮ ‬وَالْـفَذِّ (the one who is following imām and the one who is praying alone), 6) وَالتَّسْـبِيحُ‮ ‬الرُّكُـوعِ‮ ‬وَالسُّجودِ (saying: the Tasbiih [Subḥaana Rabbiya-l-ʿAdhiim]) while in rukuuʿ and 7) (saying: Ṣubḥaana Rabbiya-l-Aʿalaa) while in sujuud, 8) وَالتَّأْمِـيمُ (saying Ta’miim [Aamiin]) while praying alone and behind an imām, whether the prayer is silent or out loud; the Ta’miim being said by the imām in silence only,  9) saying وَالْـقُنُوت‮ ‬(the Qunuut) . It is recited as follows:

اللَّهُمَّّ‮ ‬إِنَّ‮ ‬نَسْتَعِينُكَ‮ ‬وَنَسْتَغٌفِرُكَ‮ ‬وَنُومِنُ‮ ‬بِكَ‮ ‬وَنَتَوَكَّلُ‮ ‬عَلَيْكَ‮ ‬وَنُثْنِي‮ ‬عَلَيْكَ‮ ‬الْـخَيْرَ‮ ‬كُلَّهُ‮ ‬نَشْكُرُكَ‮ ‬وَلاَ‮ ‬نَكْفُرْكَ‮ ‬وَنَخْنَعُ‮ ‬لَكَ‮ ‬وَنَخْلَعُ‮ ‬وَنَتْرُكَ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬يَكْفُرُكَ‮ ‬

Allahumma innaa nastaʿiinuka wa nastagfiruka wa nuuminu bika wa natawakkalu ʿalayka wa nuthnii ʿalayka-l-khayra kulluh nashkuruka wa laa nakfuruka wa nakhnaʿu laka wa nakhlaʿu wa natruku man yakfuruka. O Allah, we seek help from You and ask forgiveness of You; we believe in You and rely on You. We praise You in with all that is good and give thanks to you. we do not disbelieve in you and we humble ourselves before you.  We renounce all other diins we abandon all who reject You.

اللَّهُمَّّ‮ ‬إِيَّاكَ‮ ‬نَعْبُدُ‮ ‬وَلَكَ‮ ‬نُصَلِّّي‮ ‬وَنَسْجُدُ‮ ‬وَإِلَيْكَ‮ ‬نَسْعى وَنَحْفِدُ‮ ‬نَرْجُو رَحْمَتَكَ‮ ‬وَنَخَافُ‮ ‬أَدَابَكَ‮ ‬الْجِدَّ‮ ‬إِنَّ‮ ‬أَذَابَكَ‮ ‬بِالْكَافِرِينَ‮ ‬مُلحِقٌ

Allahumma iyyaaka naʿbudu wa laka nuṣallii wa nasjudu wa ilayka nasʿaa wa naḥfidu narjuu raḥmataka wa nakhaafu adhabaka-l-jidda inna adhaabaka bi-l-kaafiriina mulḥiq. O Allah it is You Whom we worship and to You that we pray and prostrate. It is towards You that we strive and struggle. We hope for Your mercy and fear Your certain punishment. Your punishment will surely come to those who disbelieve. الْـقُنُوت‮ ‬(The Qunuut) is not recited in any other prayer except صَـلاَةُ‮ ‬الصُّبْحِ‮ ‬(the Morning Prayer). It is recited (in the second rakʿah) before going into rukuuʿ (the bowing position) and it is read silently. 10) وَالتَّشَهُّد‮ ‬(The Tashah-hud) is a sunnah. It is recited as follows:

التَّهِيَّاتُ‮ ‬لِلَّهِ‮ ‬الزَّاكِيَّاتُ‮ ‬لِلَّهِ‮ ‬الطَّيِّبَاتُ‮ ‬الصَّلَوَاتُ‮ ‬لِلَّهِ‮ ‬السَّلاَمُ‮ ‬عَلَيْكَ‮ ‬أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ‮ ‬وَرَحْمَةُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬وَبَرَكَاتُهُ‮ ‬السَّلاَمُ‮ ‬عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬الصَّالِحِينَ‮ ‬أَشْهَدُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬لاَّ‮ ‬إِلهَ‮ ‬إِلاَّ‮ ‬اللَّهُ‮ ‬وَحْدَهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬شَرِيكَ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬وَ‮ ‬أَشْهَدُ‮ ‬أَنَّ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ‮ ‬وَرَسُولُهُ

Greetings are for Allah, Good actions are for Allah. good words and prayers are for Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Messenger of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone without partner and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. If you say: As salaamu ʿalaykum after this it will suffice (that is to say the recitation of the Tashah-hud would be the last action required before the worshipper close out his prayer with the salaam), however if you desire you can also say (before saying As salaamu ʿalaykum):

أَشْهَدُ‮ ‬أَنَّ‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬جَاءَ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٌ‮ ‬حَقٌّ‮ ‬وَأَنَّ‮ ‬الْجَنَّةَ‮ ‬حَقٌّ‮  ‬وَأَنَّ‮ ‬النَّارَ‮ ‬حَقٌّ‮ ‬وَأَنَّ‮ ‬الصِّرَاطَ‮ ‬حَقٌّ‮ ‬وَأَنَّ‮ ‬السَّاعَةَ‮ ‬آتِيَةٌ‮ ‬لاَرَيْبَ‮ ‬فِيهَا وَأَنَّ‮ ‬اللَّهَ‮ ‬يَبْعَثُ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْقُبُورِ‮ ‬

I bear witness witness that what Muhammad brought is true. And that the Garden is true. And that the Fire is true. And that the Hour is coming and there is no doubt about it. And that Allah will raise up those in the graves.

اللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬صَلِّي‮ ‬عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬وَارْحَمْ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدًا وَآلَ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬وَبَارِكْ‮ ‬عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٍ‮ ‬كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ‮ ‬وَرَحِمْتَ‮ ‬وَبَارَكْتَ‮ ‬عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ‮ ‬وَعَلَى آلِ‮ ‬إِبْرَاهِيمَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْعَالََـمِينَ‮ ‬إِنَّكَ‮ ‬حَمِيدٌ‮ ‬مَجِيدٌ

O Allah pray on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and have mercy on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you prayed on and had mercy on and blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. In all the worlds, You are praiseworthy, glorious.

اللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬صَلِّي‮ ‬عَلَى مَلآئِكَةِ‮ ‬وَالْـمُقَرَّبِينَ‮ ‬وعَلَى أَنْبِيَائِكَ‮ ‬وَالْـمُرسَلِينَ‮ ‬وَعَلَى أَهْلِ‮ ‬طَعَاتِكَ‮ ‬أَجْمَعِينَ‮ ‬

O Allah, pray on Your angels and those brought near and on Your Prophets and Messengers and on all the people who obey You.

أَللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬اغْفِرْ‮ ‬لِي‮ ‬وَالْـوَالِدَيَّ‮ ‬وَلِأَئِمَّتِنَا وَلِـمَن سَبَقَنَا بِالإيـمَانِ‮ ‬مَغْفِرَتًا عَزْمًا‮ ‬

O Allah, forgive me and my parents and our imams and those who have gone before us with imaan with complete forgiveness.

أَللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬إِنِّي‮ ‬أَسأَلُكَ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬كُلِّ‮ ‬خَيرٍ‮ ‬سَأَلَكَ‮ ‬مِنْهُ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٌ‮ ‬نَيُّكَ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬وَأَعُوذُ‮ ‬بِكَ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬كُلُّ‮ ‬شَرٍّ‮ ‬اسْتَعَاذَكَ‮ ‬مِنْهُ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدٌ‮ ‬نَيُّكَ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬

O Allah, I ask You for every good thing that Muhammad, Your Prophet, asked You for and I seek refuge in You from every evil that Muhammad, Your Prophet, sought refuge in You from.

أَللَّهُمَّ‮ ‬اغْفِرْ‮ ‬لَنَا مَا قَدَّمْنَا وَمَا أَخَّرْنَا وَمَا أسْرَارنَا وَمَا أَعْلَنَّا وَمَا أَنْتَ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬مِنَّا‮ ‬

O Allah, forgive us for what we have done and for what we have put off doing, for what we have kept hidden and what we have done openly and for what You have more knowledge about than us.

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي‮ ‬الدُّنّيَا حَسَنَةً‮ ‬وَفِي‮ ‬الآخِرَةِ‮ ‬حَسَنَةً‮ ‬وَقِنَا أَعْذَابَ‮ ‬النَّارِ‮ ‬وَ‮ ‬أَعُوذُ‮ ‬بِكَ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬فِتْـنَةِ‮ ‬الْـمَحْيَا وَالْـمَمَاتِ‮ ‬وَمِنْ‮ ‬فِتْـنَةِ‮ ‬الْقُبْرِ‮ ‬وَمِنْ‮ ‬فِتْـنَةِ‮ ‬الْـمَسِيحِ‮ ‬الدَّجَّالِ‮ ‬وَمِنْ‮ ‬عَذَابِ‮ ‬النَّارِ‮ ‬وَالسُّوءِ‮ ‬الْـمَصِيرِ

Our Lord give us good in this world and good in the next world and protect us from the torment of the Fire. I seek refuge in You from the trials of life and death and from the trials of the grave and from the trials of the Dajjal and from the torment of the Fire and from an evil end. وَأَمَّا مَـكْرُوهَـاتِ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ (As for the  things that are disliked in prayer [they include]:  1)  فالدُُّعَـاء (saying supplication) بَـعَدَ‮ ‬الإِحْـرَامِ (after Takbiiratu-l-Iḥraam [the opening])  وَقَـبَلَ‮ ‬الْـقِرَاةِ (and before reading the sūrah which is read after the Faatiḥah), 2) وَالدُُّعَـاء (supplication) during the Faatiḥah and during the sūrah that follows it, 3) وَالدُُّعَـاء (supplication)  while فِـي‮ ‬الرُّكُـوعِ‮ ‬(in the bowing position), 4) وَالدُُّعَـاء (supplication) بَـعَدَ‮ ‬التَّشَهُّدِ‮ ‬ (after the first Tashah-hud), 5) وَالدُُّعَـاء (supplication) بَـعَدَ سَـلامِ‮ ‬الإمَـام (after the salaam of the imām), 6) وَسُـجُودُ‮ ‬عَـلَى الثِّيَابِ prostrating on a garment), وَالْبُسُـطِ (a rug) or وَشُـبْهِهِمَا (something resembling either one of them) which مِـمَّا فِـيهِ‮ ‬رَفَـاهِـيَة (has been made from luxurious materials) بِـخِلَاِفِ‮ ‬الْـحَصِير (other than a mat). فَإنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُـكْرَهُ‮ ‬السُّوجُـدُ‮ ‬عَـلَيْهَا (Prostration on a mat is not makruh), وَ‮ ‬لَـكِنْ‮ ‬تَرْكُـهَا أَوْلَى (however refraining from prostrating on it (the mat) is even better), while  وَالسُّجُودُ‮ ‬عَـلَى الأَرْضِ‮ ‬أفْـضَلُ (prostrating on the ground is the best thing to do), 7) وَالسُّجُودُ (the prostration of [the worshipper] عَـلَى كَـوْرِ‮ ‬عِـمَامَـتِهِ (on the folds of his turban), ظَرْفِ‮ ‬كُـمُهِ (the hem of his sleeve)  أوْ‮ ‬رِدَائِـهِ (or the hem of his robe), 8)  وَالْـقِرَاةُ (reciting verses of the Qur’ān) while فِـي‮ ‬الرُّكُـوعِ‮ ‬(in the bowing position)  وَالسُّجُودِ (and the position of prostration), 9) وَالدُُّعَـاءُ‮ ‬بِـالْعَجَـمِيَّة (supplication made in a foreign language) لِـلْقَادِرِ‮ ‬عَـلَى الْـعَرَبِيََّةِ (by the person who is able to speak Arabic), 10) وَالْـتِفَاتُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ (turning around during the prayer), 11)  وَتَـشْـبِيكُ‮ ‬أَصَـابِـعِهِ (the worshipper interlocking his fingers), 12) فَـرْقَـعَتُهَا  (cracking his knuckles), 13) وَوَضَـعَ‮ ‬يَـديْـهِ‮ ‬عَـلَيَ‮ ‬خَـاصِِـرَتِـهِ (placing his hands on his waist), 14) وَإِقَْـعَاؤهُ (squatting), 15) وَتَـغْمِيضُ‮ ‬عَـيْنِهِ (closing his eyes) 16) وَوَضَـعَ‮ ‬قَـدِمِـهِ‮  ‬عَـلَى الأُخْـرَى (placing one on the other), 17)‮ ‬تَـفَكُّرُهُ‮ ‬بِـأَمْـرٍ‮ ‬دُنْيَوِيٍّ‮ ‬(preoccupation with worldly affairs), 18)   وَحَـمْلُ‮ ‬شَـيءٍ (the worshipper carrying something) بِـكُمْهِ (in his sleeve)  أوْ‮ ‬فَـمْهِ (or his mouth), 19) وَعَـبَثٌ‮ ‬بِـلِحْيَتِهِ (playing with his beard), 20)  وَالْـمَشْهُورُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـبَسْمَلَةِ‮ ‬وَالتَّعَوُّذُ‮ ‬ (and it is well known that الْـبَسْمَلَة (the Basmalah [saying: Bismi-l-laahi-r-Rahmaani-r-Rahiim]) and التَّعَوُّذُ (the Taʿaw-wudh [say: aʿuu-dhu bi-l-laahi minash-shaytaani-r-rajiim])  الْـكَرَاهَـةُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـفَرِيضَة (are disliked in the obligatory),دُونَ‮ ‬النَّافِـلَة (unliked in the supererogatory prayer).  وَعَـنْ‮ ‬مَـالِـك قَـوْلٌ (There is a statement transmitted from Maalik about) الإبَـاحَـة (allowing) the Basmalaah to be said, while وَعَـنِ‮ ‬ابْــنِ‮ ‬مَسْـلَمَة (there is a transmission from Ibn Muslamah)  إِنَّهَا مَـنْدُوبة (that the Basmalah is highly recommended) وَعَـنِ‮ ‬نَـافِـعِ (and, a transmission from Naafi’ about) وُجُـوبَـهَا (it being required). فَإننْ‮ ‬فَـعَلَ‮ ‬شَـيْئًا مِـنَ‮ ‬الْـمَـكْرُوهَـاتِ (If the worshippers does something from among the things that are disliked in his prayer), كُـرِهَ‮ ‬لَـهُ‮ ‬ذَالِكَ (it is disliked that he does them), وَلاَ‮ ‬تَـبْطُلُ‮ ‬صَـلاَتُهُ (but his prayer does not become invalid). وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).

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