The Chapter About الشُّرُوطِ الصَّلاَةِ (The Conditions of Prayer) from Matn al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter About الشُّرُوطِ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ (The Conditions of Prayer)

الصَّلاَة (Prayer)  شُّرُوطُ‮ ‬وُجُـوبٍ (has obligatory conditions)  وَشُّرُوطُ‮ ‬صِـحَّةٍ (and conditions which make it valid). فَـأَمَّا شُّرُوطُ‮ ‬وُجُـوبِـهَا (As for its obligatory conditions), فَخَـمْسةٌ (they are five): 1) الإسْـلاَمُ (Islam), 2) وَالْـبُلُوغُ (puberty), 3) وَالْـعَقْلُ (discernment), 4) وَدُخُـولُ‮ ‬الْـوَقتِ (the time for Ṣalaah has come in), 5) وَبُـلُوغُ‮ ‬دَعْوَةِ‮ ‬النَّبِيّ (the message of the Prophet صلي‮ ‬الله عليه وسلم has reached a people).

وَأَمَّا شُّرُوطُ‮ ‬صِـحَّتِهَا (As for the conditions which make it valid), فَـسِتَّةٌ (they are six):  1) طَـهَارَةُ‮ ‬الْـحَـدَثِ (purification from bodily impurities), 2) وَطَـهَارَةُ‮ ‬الْـخَبَثِ (purification from impure substances which polluted the body, clothing, the place of worship and any other things connected to worship), 3) وَاسْـتِقْبَالُ‮ ‬الْـقِبْلَةِ (being turn towards the direction of Makkah, Arabia), 4) وَسَـتْرُ‮ ‬الْـعَوْرَةِ (covering nakedness), 5) وَتَـرَكُ‮ ‬الْـكَلاَمِ (leaving off all speech not connected to worship), 6) وَتَـرَكُ‮ ‬الأَفْـعَال كَـثِيرَة (leaving all actions not connected to worship).  And وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).

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