The Sunnah Actions of Wuḍuu’ from Matn al ʿIzziyah

The Sunnah Actions of Wuḍuu’

وَسُـنَـنُهُ (The actions of wuḍuu’ that follow the example of Prophet) ثَـمَانِـةٌ (are eight). الأُولَـى‮ ‬غَسْـلُ‮ ‬الْـيَدَيْـنِ‮ ‬(The first sunnah is washing the hands)  قَبْلَ‮ ‬إِذْخَالِهِمَا فِي‮ ‬الإِنَـاءِ (before putting them into the water container) وَيَـنْوِي‮  ‬بِغَسْـلِهِمَا (and the one performing wuḍuu’  should make the intention to wash them) التَّعَبُّدَ‮ ‬عَـلَى حِـدَتِـهَا (for the purposes of  worship only).

الثَّانِـيَةُ‮ ‬الْـمَضْمَضَةُ The second sunnah is rinsing the mouth. وَهِـيَ‮ ‬إِدْخَـالُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـفَمِ‮ ‬(It is the action of putting water into the mouth) ثُـمَّ‮ ‬يُـخَضْخِضُهُ (then swishing it around)‮ ‬يـَـمُجُهُ (and spitting it out).

الثَّالِثَةُ‮ ‬الإسْتِنْشَاقُ (The third sunnah is inhaling water).  وَهُوَ‮ ‬جَذْبُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬(It is drawing up water) بِنَفسِهِ‮ ‬لِدَاخِلِ‮ ‬الأَنْفِ (in order to cause it enter into the nose).

‮ ‬الرَّابِـعَةُ‮ ‬الإسْـتِنْثَارُ (The fourth sunnah is blowing out the water) وَهُوََ‮ ‬دَفْعُ‮ ‬الـْمَاءِ (and it is forcing out the water) مِـنْ‮ ‬أَنْـفِهِ‮ ‬بِـنَفْسِهِ (from his nose)  مَـعَ‮ ‬جَـعْلِ‮ ‬السَّبَّابَـة (by placing the index finger) وَالإبْـهَام (and the thumb) مِنْ‮ ‬يَـدِه الْيُسْـرَى (from the left hand) عَـلَ‮ ‬الأَنّـفِ (on top of the nose). وَيُـبَالِـغُ‮ ‬غَـيْرُ‮ ‬صَـائِـمِ‮ ‬(Everyone except the individual who is fasting should exert himself) فِـي‮ ‬الْـمَضْمَضَةُ‮ ‬وَ‮ ‬الإسْـتِنْشَاقُ‮ ‬(in the rinsing the mouth and inhaling water into the nose). وَالأَفْـضَلُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَـتَمََضْمَضَ (It is best to rinse the mouth) بِـثَلاَثِ‮ ‬غَـرَفَـاتٍ‮ ‬(with three handfuls of water) ثُـمَّ‮ ‬يَسْـتَنْشِقَ (and inhale)  بِـثَلاَثِ‮ ‬غَـرَفَـاتٍ (three handfuls of water).

الْـخَامِـسةُ‮ ‬مَـسْحُ‮ ‬الأُذْنَـيـْنِ (The fifth sunnah is wiping the two ears, both) ظَـاهِرِهِـمَا (the outside of them) وَبَـاطِـنِهِمَا (and the inside of them) بِـأَنْ‮ ‬يَـدْخُـلَ‮ ‬سَـبَّابَـتَيْهِ (by the worshipper putting his index fingers  فِـي‮ ‬صِـمَاخَـيْهِ (in his ear canals) وَيَـجْعَلَ‮ ‬إِبْـهَامَـيْهِ (and placing his thumb) عَلَى ظَاهِرِهِمْ (on the outside of them).

السَّادِسَةُ‮ ‬تَـجْدِيدُ‮ ‬الـْـمَاءِ (The sixth sunnah is to fresh the water) لِـمَسْحُ‮ ‬الأُذُنَيْـنِ (used for wiping over the ears).

السَّابِـعةُ رَدُّ‮ ‬الْيَدَيْن (The seventh sunnah is returning the two hands back to their starting position) فِـي‮ ‬مَسْحُ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ (when wiping the head).

الثَّامِـنَةُ‮ ‬تَرْتِيبُ‮ ‬فَرَائِضِهِ The eight sunnah is to maintain the correct order of the obligatory actions of wuḍuu’.

تَنْبِيهNote / Rule: 1

مَنْ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬فَرْضًا مِنْ‮ ‬فَرَائِضِ‮ ‬الْوَُضُوءِ‮ ‬فَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬يَأْتِي‮ ‬بِهِ‮ ‬ثُمَّ‮ ‬يُعِيدُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬وَ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬سُنَّةً‮ ‬فَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُعِيدُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬وَيَفْعَلُ‮ ‬تِلْكَ‮ ‬السُّنَّةَ‮ ‬لِـمَا‮ ‬يَستَقْبَلُ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الصَّلَوَاتِ‮

مَنْ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬فَرْضًا مِنْ‮ ‬فَرَائِضِ‮ ‬الْوَُضُوءِ (Whoever omits one of the obligatory acts of wuḍuu’), ‮ ‬فَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬يَأْتِي‮ ‬بِهِ (should do it), ثُـمَّ‮ ‬يُـعِيدُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ (then repeat the prayer), وَ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬سُنَّةً (and whoever omits a sunnah act of wuḍuu’), ‮ ‬فَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُـعِيدُ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬(does not repeat the prayer), وَيَـفْعَلُ‮ ‬تِـلْكَ‮ ‬السُّنَّةَ (but he should do that sunnah) لِـمَا‮ ‬يَستَقْبَلُ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬الصَّلَوَاتِ‮ ‬ (for the next prayer coming).

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