Chapter 16 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning the Person Whose Wuḍuu’ is Deficient or He Forgets of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl

فِي‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬يَعَجَزَهُ‮ ‬عَنْهُ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءُ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬ينَسِيَ‮ ‬بَعْضَ‮ ‬وُضُوئِهِ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬غُسْلِهِ‮ ‬

The Chapter Concerning the Person Whose Wuḍuu’ is Deficient or He Forgets Some of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl

قَالَ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬فِيمَنْ‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬فَفَرَغَ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬بَعْضِ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮ ‬وَبَقِيَ‮ ‬بَعْضُهُ‮ ‬فَقَامَ‮ ‬لأَِخْذِ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬فَقَالَ‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬قَرِيبًا فَأَرَى أَنْ‮ ‬يَبْنِيَ‮ ‬عَلَى وُضُوئِهِ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬تَطَاوَلَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬وَتَبَاعَدَ‮ ‬أَخْذُهُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءَ‮ ‬وَجَفَّ‮ ‬وُضُوءُهُ‮ ‬فَأَرَى أَنْ‮ ‬يُعِيدَ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءَ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬أَوَّلِهِ‮ ‬

Ibn al-Qaasim said Maalik said concerning the person who performs wuḍuu’ and then part of the wuḍuu’ becomes lost and part of it is preserved, and so he goes to get water, he (Maalik said), “If it (the wuḍuu’) has been performed recently, I am of the opinion that he should restore what was lost to his wuḍuu’, however if a long time has passed when he goes to use the water and the wuḍuu which he has performed has become dry, then I am of the opinion that he should repeat the wuḍuu’ from the beginning. ”

 

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬الْقَاسِمِ‮ ‬أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ‮ ‬اغْتَسَلَ‮ ‬مَنْ‮ ‬جَنَابَةٍ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬حَائِضٌ‮ ‬اغْتَسَلَتْ‮ ‬فَبَقِيَتْ‮ ‬لُـمْعَةٌ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬أَجْسَادِهِمَا لَمْ‮ ‬يُصِبْهَا الْـمَاءُ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬فَبَقِيَتْ‮ ‬لُـمْعَةٌ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬مَوَاضِعِ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮ ‬حَتَّى صَلَّيَا وَمَضَى الْوَقْتُ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬إنَّمَا تَرَكَ‮ ‬اللُّمْعَةَ‮ ‬عَامِدًا أَعَادَ‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬اغْتَسَلَ‮ ‬غُسْلَهُ‮ ‬وَاَلَّذِي‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬وُضُوءَهُ‮ ‬وَأَعَادُوا‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَانُوا إنَّمَا تَرَكُوا ذَلِكَ‮ ‬سَهْوًا فَلْيَغْسِلُوا تِلْكَ‮ ‬اللُّمْعَةَ‮ ‬وَلْيُعِيدُوا الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬،‮ ‬فَإِنْ‮ ‬لَمْ‮ ‬يَغْسِلُوا ذَلِكَ‮ ‬حِينَ‮ ‬ذَكَرُوا ذَلِكَ‮ ‬فَلْيُعِيدُوا الْوُضُوءَ‮ ‬وَالْغُسْلَ‮ ‬وَهُوَ‮ ‬قَوْلُ‮ ‬مَالِكٍ‮ ‬

Ibn al-Qaasim said, “Whenever a man performs ghusl because of جَـنَابَـةٍ (major impurity) or حَـائِـضٌ (menstruating woman) performs ghusl and a part of their body remains without water being poured over it or they performed wuḍuu’ and some of the places of wuḍuu’ remains untouched until after ṣalaah and the time has passed,”  he said, “if he left out the area intentionally, he should rewash the areas which he washed when he performed his ghusl and the areas he washed when he performed wuḍuu’, and they should repeat the salaah; if it is the case that they left it undone out of forgetfulness, they should wash the area and repeat the ṣalaah; if they don’t wash the area until the time they remember, then they should repeat wuḍuu’ and ghusl. ” This is what Maalik said.

قَالَ‮ ‬سَحْنُونٌ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬رَبِيعَةُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬تَبْعِيضِ‮ ‬الْغُسْلِ‮ ‬مِثْلَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ . ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬الْـمُسَيِّبِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬رَأْسَهُ‮ ‬نَاسِيًا فِي‮ ‬الْغُسْلِ‮ ‬،‮ ‬مِثْلَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ

Saḥnuun said Rabiiʿah bin Abū Abdur Rahmān said  the same thing concerning the division of ghusl into portions.  Ibn Musayyib said the same thing in regards to the person who leaves out his head forgetfully in ghusl.

 

وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الَّذِي‮ ‬يَنْسَى أَنْ‮ ‬يَـمْسَحَ‮ ‬بِرَأْسِهِ‮ ‬فَذَكَرَهُ‮ ‬وَهُوَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الصَّلاَةِ‮ ‬وَفِي‮ ‬لِـحْيَتِهِ‮ ‬بَلَلٌ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُجْزِئُهُ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَـمْسَحَ‮ ‬بِذَلِكَ‮ ‬الْبَلَلِ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬وَلَكِنْ‮ ‬لِيَأْخُذْ‮ ‬الْـمَاءَ‮ ‬لِرَأْسِهِ‮ ‬وَلْيَبْتَدِئْ‮ ‬الصَّلاَةَ‮ ‬بَعْدَمَا‮ ‬يَـمْسَحُ‮ ‬بِرَأْسِهِ

 

Maalik said in regards to the person who forgets to wipe over his head and remembers it during ṣalaah and his beard is wet, he said, “he is not permitted to wipe over the moisture.”  He said, “But he should get water for his head and should start the prayer after wiping over his head.”

 

قُلْتُ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬فَهَلْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬يَأْمُرُ‮ ‬بِأَنْ‮ ‬يَغْسِلَ‮ ‬رِجْلَيْهِ‮ ‬بَعْدَمَا‮ ‬يَـمْسَحُ‮ ‬بِرَأْسِهِ‮ ‬؟ قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬نَاسِيًا وَخَفَّ‮ ‬وُضُوءُهُ‮ ‬فَلاَ‮ ‬يَكُونُ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬إلاَّ‮ ‬مَسْحُ‮ ‬رَأْسِهِ

 

I (Saḥnuun) said, “Did Maalik used to order the washing of one’s feet after wiping the head?”  He said, “If it was forgotten and his wuḍuu’ has become dry, he only has to wipe over his head.”

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  1. as-Salaamu ‘alaykum sidi and a very dear Eid Mubarak. May Allah continue to increase you in knowledge and may you benefit by it for this life and The Next. Amin.

    You have a very wonderful site here. I will write some links and reviews, in sha’Allah, shortly, to direct some folks to some info on the “Net” that may actually benefit them.


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