The Chapter Concerning فَـرَائِضِ الْـوُضُـوءِ (The Obligatory Actions of Wuḍuu’), سُـنَـنِهِ (It’s Actions Derived From Prophet Muhammad]) and فَـضَائِـلِهِ (the Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’) from the Matn al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter Concerning فَـرَائِضِ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءِ (The Obligatory Actions of Wuḍuu’), سُـنَـنِهِ (It’s Actions  Derived  From Prophet Muhammad]) and فَـضَائِـلِهِ (the Meritorious Acts of Wuḍuu’).

فَـأَمَّا فَـرَائِضِ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوء (As for the obligatory actions  of wuḍuu’), فَسَبْعَةٌ (they are seven): 1) النِّيَّة (the intention)  عِـنْدَ‮ ‬غَسْلِ‮ ‬الْوَجْهِ (which is made in conjunction with the washing of the face), 2) وَغَـسْـلُ‮ ‬الْـوَجْـه (washing of the face), 3) وَغَـسْـلُ‮ ‬يَـدَيْـنِ (washing the hands) إِلَـى مَـرفَـقَيْن (up to the elbows), 4) وَمَـسْحُ‮ ‬جَـمِيع الرَّأْس (wiping over the entire head), 5) وَغَـسْـلُ‮ ‬الرِّجْـلَيْـن (washing the feet) إلَـى الْـكَعْبَيْـنِ (up to the ankles), 6) وَالْـفَوْرُ (washing each limb one immediately after the other), 7) وَالتَّدْلِـيك (and rubbing each limb vigorously).

فَـهَـذِهِ‮ ‬سَـبْعَةٌ (These are the seven obligatory actions), لَـكِنْ‮ ‬يَـجِبُ‮ ‬عَـليْكَ (but you are required) فِي‮ ‬غَسْل وَجْهِ (when washing your face),  أَنْ‮ ‬تُخَـلَّلَ‮ ‬شَـعْرَ‮ ‬لِحْـيَتِكَ (to comb through the hair of your beard with your fingers). إِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬شَـعْرُ‮ ‬الِـحْـيَةِ‮ ‬خََـفِيفًا‮ ‬(If the hair of the beard is thin)  إِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬شَـعْرُ‮ ‬اللِّحْيَةِ‮ ‬خَفِيفًا تَظْهَرُ‮ ‬الْبَشَرَةُ (the skin beneath it will show). وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬كَـثيفًا (If the hair of the beard is thick thin),  ‮ ‬فَـلاَ‮ ‬يَـجِبُ‮ ‬عَـلَيْكَ‮ ‬تَخْـلِيلُهَا (it is not necessary for you to comb through it with the fingers). وَكَـذَالِـكَ (Similarly), يَـجِبُ‮ ‬عَـلَيْكَ (you are required) فِـي‮ ‬غَسْـلِ‮ ‬يَـدَيك (while washing your hands) تُخَـلَّلَ‮ ‬أَصَـا بِـعَكَ (to comb through the fingers of your hand with the fingers of the other). عَـلَى الْـمَشْهُورِ (This is in accord with what is well known in the madh-hab of Imām Mālik).

وَأَمَّا سُـنَـنُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوء (As for the Sunnah actions of wuḍuu’), فَثَمَانِيَةٌ (they are eight): (1) غَـسْـلُ‮ ‬يَـدَيْـنِ‮ ‬أَوْلاً (washing the hands first) إِلَـى الْـكَوْعَـيْن (up to the wrist bone), (2) وَالْـمَضْمَـضَة (rinsing the mouth with water), (3) وَالاِسْـتتِنْـشَاق (inhaling water into the nostril), (4) وَالاِسْـتِنْـثَار ( exhalation); وهُـوَ‮ ‬جَـذْبُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬مِـنَ‮ ‬الأَنْـفِ (it is forceful blowing water from the nostril), (5) وَرَدُّ‮ ‬مَـسْحِ‮ ‬الرَّأْس (repeating the wiping of the head), (6) وَمَـسْحُ‮ ‬الأُذُنَـيْـن (wiping the two ears both وَبَـاطِـنِهِـمَا (on the outside of them) and ظَـاهِـرِهِـمَا (the inside of them), (7) وَتَـجْـدِيدُ‮ ‬الْـمَاء (renewing the water) for both ears, (8) وَتَـرْتِـيبُ‮ ‬فَرَائِـدِهِ (maintaining correct order in performing the farḍ actions of wuḍuu’).

وَأَمَّا  فَـضَائِـلِهِ (As for the meritorious actions of wuḍuu’) فَسَـبْعَةٌ (they are seven): 1) التَّسْمِيَّةُ (Basmalah – Bismi-l-laahi-r-Rahmaani-r-Rahiim which said at the beginning of wuḍuu’, 2)   وَالْـمَوْضِـعُ‮ ‬الطَاهِـرُ‮ ‬(a clean area) for performing prayer, 3) وَقِـلَّةُ‮ ‬الْـمَاءِ‮ ‬بِـلاَ‮ ‬حَدٍّ (using a small amount of water without a limit), 4) وَوَضْـعُ‮ ‬الإنَـاءِ‮ ‬عَـلَى الْـيَمِين (placing  the  water  container  on  the  right) إِنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬مَفْتُوحًا (if  it  is  open), 5) وَالْغَسْـلَةُ‮ ‬الثَّانِـيَّة والثَّالِـثَة ( the second and third washing of the limbs) إِذَا أَوْعَبَ‮ ‬بِالأُولَ (after having done it once), 6) وَالْـبَدْءُ‮ ‬بِـمُقَدَّمِ‮ ‬الرَّأْسِ (beginning at the front of the head), 7) وَالسِّوَاك (the siwaak). وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).


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