The Chapter About أَقْسَام الْـمِيَاهِ (the Kinds of Water) That Can Be Used To Perform Wuḍuu’ from Matn Al Ashmaawiyyah

The Chapter About أَقْسَام الْـمِيَاهِ (the Kinds of Water) That Can Be Used To Perform Wuḍuu’

اعْـلَمْ (Know) – وَفََّـقَكَ‮ ‬اللَّهُ (May Allah, Exalted is He grant you success) – أَنَّ‮ ‬الْـمَاءَ‮ ‬عَـلَى قِـسْمَيْـنِ (that water is of two kinds): مَـخْـلُوطٍ (mixed)   وَغَـيرِ مَـخْـلُوطٍ‮ ‬(and unmixed). فَـأَمَّا‮ ‬غَـيرُ مَـخْـلُوط (As for   unmixed)   فَهُوَ‮ ‬طُـهُورٌ (it is pure)  وَهُوَ‮ ‬الْـمَاء الـمُطْلَق (and it is valid water free from impurities); ‮ ‬يَـجُوزُ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ (wuḍuu’ can be performed with it), سَـوَاءً (equally whether) نَـزَلَ‮ ‬مِنَ‮ ‬السَّمَاء (it has fallen from the sky) أَوْ‮ ‬نَـبَعَ‮ ‬مِـنَ‮ ‬الأَرْضِ (or it has sprung out of the ground).

وَأَمَّا الْـمَـخْـلُوط (As for mixed water),‮ ‬إذَا تَـغَيَّرَ أَحَـدَ‮ ‬أَوْصَـفِهِ‮ ‬الثَّلاَثَـةِ (one of it’s three characteristics): لَـوْنِـهِ [it’s color] , أَوْ‮ ‬طَـعْمِهِ [it’s taste]  أَوْ‮ ‬رِيحِهِ [or it’s smell] has been altered) بِشَيْءٍ (by something).  وَهُوَ‮ ‬عَـلَى قِـسْمَيْـنِ‮ ‬(Mixed water  is of two kinds):

1) تَـارَةً (Sometimes), يَـخْتَلِطُ (water becomes mixed) بِـنَـجَسٍ (with an impure substance) and فَـيَـتَغَيَّرُ‮ ‬بِـهِ (the water becomes alters by the impure substance). فَـالْـمَاءُ‮ ‬نَـجَسٌ (Water that contains an impure substance) لاَ‮ ‬يَـصِحُّ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ (is not valid for wuḍuu’).  وَإِنْ‮ ‬لَـمْ‮ ‬يَـتَـغَيَّرْ‮ ‬بِهِ  (If the water has not been altered by the impure substance),  فَإِنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬الْـمَاءُ‮ ‬قَـلِيلًا (but the water is a small amount),‮  ‬كُـرِهَ‮ ‬الْـوُضُـوءُ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ (the performance of wuḍuu’ with it is disliked). عَـلَى الْـمَشْهُورِ (This is in accord with what is well known in the madh-hab of Imām Mālik).

2)  وَتَـارَةً (Sometimes),‮ ‬يَـخْتَلِطُ (water becomes mixed) بِـالطَّاهِـرِ (with a pure substance) فَـيَـتَغَيَّرُ‮ ‬بِـهِ (and the water becomes alters by the pure substance). فَـإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬الطَّاهِـرُ‮ ‬ (If the pure substance is) ‮ ‬مَِـمَّا‮ ‬يُـمْكِنُ‮ ‬الاِحْـتِرَازُ‮ ‬مِـنْه (is a substance  that can be prevented from being mixed with the water), كَـالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬مَخْـلُوطٌ (like water which has been mixed)  بِـالزَّعْـفَرَان (with saffron), وَالْـوَرْد (rose), وَالْـعَجِين (dough)  وَأَشْـبَهُ‮ ‬ذَالِـكَ (and what is similar to these things),  فَهَـذا الْـمَاء (then this water) طَّاهِـرِ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬نَـفْسِهِ (is pure in its essence),  غَـيْرُ‮ ‬مُطَهَـرُ‮ ‬لِـغَيْرِهِ (but not a purifier for anything else).  فَيُسْـتَعْمَلُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـعَادَاتِ (It can be used for ordinary purposes) مِـن طَبْخٍ (such as cooking), وَعَـجْنٍ (making dough), وَشُرْبٍ (drinking) وَنَحْوِ‮ ‬ذَالِـكَ (and things of that nature). وَلاَ‮ ‬يُسْـتَعْمَلُ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬الْـعِبَادَاتِ (It can not be use for purposes of worship) وَلاَ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬وُضُـوءِ (nor for wuḍuu’)  وَلاَ‮ ‬فِـي‮ ‬غَـيْرِهِ‮ ‬(nor anything else in that category).

وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَـانَ‮ ‬بِـمـا‮ ‬يُـمْكِنُ‮ ‬الاِحْـتِرَازُ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ (If the water can not be preserved from the pure substance being mixed with it), كَـالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬الْـمُتَغَيَّرِ  (like water that has been changed)  بِـالسَّبْخِ (by salt from the salt marsh),   أَوِ‮ ‬الْـحَـمَأَةِ (or mud),   أَوِ‮ ‬الْـجارِي‮ ‬عَـلَى مَعْدنِ‮ ‬زِرنِـيخٍ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬كِـبْرِيتٍ (or the run off from a source where arsenic or sulfur originates) أَوْ‮ ‬نَـحْوُ‮ ‬ذَالِـكَ  (or what is similar to these things), فَهَـذا كُـلُّهُ‮ ‬طُـهُورٌ (this water in it’s entirety is pure) and يَـصِحُّ‮ ‬مِـنْهُ‮ ‬الْـوُضوءُ (the wuḍuu’ that is perform with it is valid). وَاللَّهُ‮ ‬أَعْلَمُ (Allah is the Best Knower).

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