Chapter 14 Mudawwanah – The Chapter Concerning the Person Who Forgets to Do الـْمَضْمَضَة (Rinsing the Mouth with Water While Swishing It Around and Spitting It Out), الاِسْتِنْشَاق (Inhaling Water Up into the Nostrils) and مَسْحَ الأُذُنَيْـنِ (Wiping Over Both Ears); and About the Person Who Separates Some Parts of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl Either Intentionally or out of Forgetfulness

فِيمَنْ‮ ‬نَسِيَ‮ ‬الْـمَضْمَضَةَ‮ ‬وَالاَسْتِنْشَاقَ‮ ‬وَمَسْحَ‮ ‬الأُذُنَيْـنِ‮ ‬وَمَنْ‮ ‬فَرَّقَ‮ ‬وُضُوءَهُ‮  أَوْ‮ ‬غُسْلَهُ‮ ‬مُتَعَمِّدًا أَوْ‮ ‬نَسِيَ‮ ‬بَعْضَهُ

The Chapter Concerning the Person Who Forgets to Do  الـْمَضْمَضَة (Rinsing the Mouth with Water While Swishing It Around and Spitting It Out), الاِسْتِنْشَاق (Inhaling Water Up into the Nostrils) and  مَسْحَ الأُذُنَيْـنِ (Wiping Over Both Ears); and About the Person Who Separates Some  Parts of His Wuḍuu’ or Ghusl Either Intentionally or out of Forgetfulness

قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬فِيمَنْ‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬فَغَسَلَ‮ ‬وَجْهَهُ‮ ‬وَيَدَيْهِ‮ ‬ثُمَّ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬أَنْ‮ ‬يَـمْسَحَ‮ ‬بِرَأْسِهِ‮ ‬وَتَرَكَ‮ ‬غَسْلَ‮ ‬رِجْلَيْهِ‮ ‬حَتَّى جَفَّ‮ ‬وُضُوءُهُ‮ ‬وَطَالَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬نَاسِيًا بَنَى عَلَى وُضُوئِهِ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬تَطَاوَلَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬،‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬عَامِدًا اسْتَأْنَفَ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءَ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said that Maalik said, “In regards to the person who performs wuḍuu’ and leaves out washing his face and hands and leaves out wiping over his head and leaves out washing his feet until the water from his wuduu’ has dried for long a time, if he left these things undone out of forgetfulness, he should add them on to his wuḍuu’”; however if long time has passed, he said, “If he omitted these things intentionally, then he should renew the wuḍuu’.”

ابْنُ وَهْبٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حَرْمَلَةَ أَنَّ رَجُلا جَاءَ إلَى سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْـمُسَيِّبِ فَقَالَ إنِّي اغْتَسَلْتُ مِنْ الْـجَنَابَةِ وَنَسِيتُ أَنْ أَغْسِلَ رَأْسِي قَالَ فَأَمَرَ رَجُلاَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْـمَجْلِسِ أَنْ يَقُومَ مَعَهُ إلَى الْـمَطْهَرَةِ فَيَصُبَّ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ دَلْوًا مِنْ مَاءٍ

Ibn Wahb transmitted from Yaḥyaa bin Ayyuub from ʿAbdur Raḥmān bin Ḥarmalah that a man came to Saʿiid bin al-Musayyib and said, “I performed ghusl for الْـجَنَابَة (major impurity) and I forgot to wash my head.”  He (Yaḥyaa) said, “He ( Saʿiid bin al-Musayyib) ordered a man from the circle of people who were sitting there to stand up and come with him to washing area and he pour a bucket of water over his head.

قَالَ وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ وَمَنْ تَرَكَ الْـمَضْمَضَةَ وَالاَسْتِنْشَاقَ وَدَاخِلَ أُذُنَيْهِ فِي الْغُسْلَ مِنْ الْـجَنَابَةِ حَتَّى صَلَّى قَالَ يَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ لِـمَا يَسْتَقْبِلُ وَصَلاَتُهُ الَّتِي صَلَّى تَامَّةٌ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said that Maalik said, “Whoever leaves out الـْمَضْمَضَة and الاَسْتِنْشَاقَ and go on to wash the inside of his ears during ghusl for الْـجَنَابَة and has prayed, must do الـْمَضْمَضَة and الاَسْتِنْشَاقَ  for the next ṣalaah and the ṣalaah he a has already prayed.”

قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬وَمَنْ‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬الْـمَضْمَضَةَ‮ ‬وَالاَسْتِنْشَاقَ‮ ‬وَمَسْحَ‮ ‬دَاخِلِ‮ ‬الأُذُنَيْـنِ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْغُسْلِ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الْـجَنَابَةِ‮ ‬وَاَلَّذِي‮ ‬تَرَكَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮ ‬فَهُمَا سَوَاءٌ‮ ‬وَلْيَمْسَحْ‮ ‬دَاخِلَهُمَا فِيمَا‮ ‬يَسْتَقْبِلُ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬يُونُسَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬يَزِيدَ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬رَبِيعَةَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬لَوْ‮ ‬نَسِيَهُ‮ ‬لَمْ‮ ‬يَكُنْ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الْوُضُوءِ‮

Ibn al-Qaasim said, “Whoever leaves out الـْمَضْمَضَة and الاَسْتِنْشَاقَ and wiping the inside of  the ears during ghusl for الْـجَنَابَة and whoever leaves that out during the performance of wuḍuu’ are in the same situation, he should wipe the inside of the ears for the next ṣalaah.”  Ibn Wahb said that Yuunus bin Yaziid transmitted from Rabiiʿah bin Abū Abdur Rahmaan that he said, “If he forgets it, it does not stop him from being in wuḍuu.’”

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬اللَّيْثُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬سَعْدٍ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬يَحْيَى بْنُ‮ ‬سَعِيدٍ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬لَوْ‮ ‬نَسِيَ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬حَتَّى صَلَّى لَمْ‮ ‬يَقُلْ‮ ‬لَهُ‮ ‬عُدْ‮ ‬لِصَلاَتِكَ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَلَمْ‮ ‬نَرَ‮ ‬أَنَّ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬يُنْقِصُ‮ ‬صَلاَتَهُ

Ibn Wahb said al-Layth bin Saʿd said that Yaḥyaa bin Saʿiid said, “When he forgot that until after he had prayed, he didn’t say to him ‘repeat your prayer’ nor are we of the opinion that it nullified his  salaah either. ”

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬شِهَابٍ‮ ‬وَعَطَاءُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬رَبَاحٍ‮ ‬وَعُبَيْدُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬عُمَرَ‮ ‬إنَّهُ‮ ‬لاََ‮ ‬يُعِيدُ‮ ‬إلَّا مِمَّا ذَكَرَ‮ ‬اللَّهُ‮ ‬فِي‮ ‬كِتَابِهِ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬وَقَالَهُ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬وَاللَّيْثُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬سَعْدٍ‮ ‬مِثْلَهُ‮

Ibn Wahb said that al-Layth, ibn Shihaab, ʿAṭaa’ bin Abū Rabaaḥ and ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said, “The worshipper repeats only what Allah has mention in His Book.”  Ibn Wahb said that Maalik and al-Layth bin Saʿd said the same thing.

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬يُونُسَ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬رَبِيعَةَ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬يَقُولُ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬إنَّ‮ ‬تَفْرِيقَ‮ ‬الْغُسْلِ‮ ‬مِمَّا‮ ‬يُكْرَهُ‮ ‬وَإِنَّهُ‮ ‬لَمْ‮ ‬يَكُنْ‮ ‬غُسْلاً‮ ‬حَتَّى‮ ‬يُتْبِعَ‮ ‬بَعْضُهُ‮ ‬بَعْضًا وَأَمَّا رَجُلٍ‮ ‬يُفَرِّقُ‮ ‬غُسْلَهُ‮ ‬مَا بَيْـنَ‮ ‬بُكْرَةٍ‮ ‬إِلَى الْعِشِي‮ ‬مُتَحَرِّيًا لِذَلِكَ‮ ‬فَإِنَّ‮ ‬ذَلِكَ‮ ‬لَيْسَ‮ ‬بِغُسْلٍ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬وَاللَّيْثُ‮ ‬بْنُ‮ ‬سَعْدٍ‮ ‬مِثْلَهُ .

Ibn Wahb transmitted from Yuunis who transmitted from Rabiiʿah that he used to say, “The separation of  (the parts) of ghusl is among those things that are disliked.  It is not considered ghusl until each part follows immediately after the other.  As for the man who separates the parts of his ghusl from morning to evening intentionally, that is not considered ghusl. ”  Maalik and al-Layth bin Saʿd said the same thing.

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