Chapter 7 Mudawwanah – Wuḍuu’ Because of Sleep

الْوُضُوءُ مِنْ النَّوْمِ

Wuḍuu’ Because of Sleep

وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ : مَنْ نَامَ فِي سُجُودِهِ فَاسْتَثْقَلَ نَوْمًا وَطَالَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ وُضُوءَهُ مُتَقَّضٌ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said that Maalik said whoever falls asleep in his prostration and he sleeps heavy and long, his Wuḍuu’ becomes void.

قَالَ : وَمَنْ نَامَ نَوْمًا خَفِيفًا – الْـخَـطِرَةَ وَنَحْوَهَا – لَمْ أَرَ وُضُوءَهُ مُنْتَقَضًا قَالَ : وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ فِيمَنْ نَامَ عَلَى دَابَّتِهِ قَالَ : إنْ طَالَ ذَلِكَ بِهِ انْتَقَضَ وُضُوءُهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ شَيْئًا خَفِيفًا فَهُوَ عَلَى وُضُوئِهِ  قَالَ : فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إنْ نَامَ الَّذِي عَلَى دَابَّتِهِ قَدْرَ مَا بَيْـنَ الْـمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ ؟ قَالَ : أَرَى أَنْ يُعِيدَ الْوُضُوءَ فِي مِثْلِ هَذَا وَهَذَا كَثِيرٌ ، قَالَ : وَهُوَ عِنْدِي بِـمَنْزِلَةِ الْقَاعِدِ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “He who sleeps lightly, what comes to the mind concerning it is that I do not believe his wuḍuu’ becomes void.  He said Maalik said concerning the one who falls asleep on his riding  animal, “if it (the sleep) was long, his wuḍuu becomes nullified, and even if it (the sleep) is something light he is obligated to perform wuḍuu’.”  He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “I said to him (Maalik), are you of the opinion that if he falls asleep on his riding animal that he will be able to do wuḍuu’ between Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’?  He said, “I am of the opinion that the wuḍuu’ is repeated if this is the case and the sleep is a lot.  He said, “It is my opinion about the sitting position as well.

وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ : مَنْ نَامَ وَهُوَ مُحْتَبٍ فِي يَوْمِ الْـجُمُعَةِ وَمَا أَشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ خَفِيفٌ وَلاَ أَرَى عَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءَ لأَنَّ هَذَا لاَ يَثْبُتُ ، قَالَ فَإِنْ نَامَ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ بِلاَ احْتِبَاءٍ ؟ قَالَ : هَذَا أَشَدُّ لأََنَّ هَذَا يَثْبُتُ وَعَلَى هَذَا الْوُضُوءُ إنْ كَثُرَ ذَلِكَ وَطَالَ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “Maalik said, ‘He who sleeps while sitting with his legs drawn up on the day of Jumuʿah and what is similar to that, if that (sleep) is light, I am not of the opinion that wuḍuu’ is incumbent upon him, because this is not stationary.’”  He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “and if he is sitting not stationary.”  He (Maalik) said, “and if he is sitting with his legs drawn up and the sleep is heavy, then he is obligated to perform wuḍuu’ if the sleep is much and long.”

قَالَ مَالِكٌ : عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ أَنَّ تَفْسِيرَ هَذِهِ الآيَةِ : (( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إذَا قُمْتُمْ إلَى الصَّلاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إلَى الْـمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إلَى الْكَعْبيْـنِ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنْ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لامَسْتُمْ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَـجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ )) إنَّ ذَلِكَ إذَا قُمْتُمْ مِنْ الْـمَضَاجِعِ يَعْنِي النَّوْمَ

Maalik related from Zayd bin Aslam that the explanation of this ayat: Oh you who believe! When you rise for salaah, wash your faces and your hands up to your elbows and wipe your heads and feet to the ankles; and when you are in a state of major impurity purify yourselves; and if you are sick or on a journey or when any of you comes from defecating (or relieving oneself) or you touch the women and you do not find water, then perform tayammum with pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands…”, the portion of this ayat that says: “When you rise for salaah” means when you get up مِنَ الْـمَضَاجِع (from sleeping in the reclined position) that is to say ‘sleep’.

قَالَ مَالِكٌ : عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْـخَطَّابِ قَالَ إذَا نَامَ أَحَدُكُمْ وَهُوَ مُضْطَجِعٌ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ

Maalik related from Zayd bin Aslam that ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭaab said, “When one of you has slept and he was reclined let him perform wuḍuu’.

قَالَ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ عَنْ حَيْوَةَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي صَخْرٍ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ قُسَيْطٍ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ كَانَ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ عَلَى الْـمُجْتَبِي النَّائِمِ وَلاَ عَلَى الْقَائِمِ النَّائِمِ وُضُوءٌ

Ibn Wahb related from Ḥaywah bin Shariiḥ from Abū Ṣakhr Ḥamiid bin Ziyaad from Ziyaad bin Qasiiṭ that Abū Hurayrah used to say, “wuḍuu’ is not an obligation for the one who sleeps while sitting with his legs drawn up or the one who sleeps while standing.

قَالَ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ وَبَلَغَنِي عَنْ عَطَاءُ بْنُ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ وَمُجَاهِدٌ إنَّ الرَّجُلَ إذَا نَامَ رَاكِعًا أَوْ سَاجِدًا فَعَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءُ

Ibn Wahb informed me (Ṣahnuun) from ʿAṭaa’ bin Abii Ribaaḥ and Muhjaahid that the man when he sleeps in the position of rukuu’ or sujuud, he is obligated to perform wuḍuu’.

قَالَ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ إنَّ السُّنَّةَ فِيمَنْ نَامَ رَاكِعًا أَوْ سَاجِدًا فَعَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءُ

Ibn Wahb related from Yuunus from Yaziid ibn Shihaab that he said, “The sunnah with regards to the one who sleep in rukuuʿ or sajdah is that he must perform wʿuḍuu’.”

قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ إيَاسٍ الْـجَرِيرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدِ بْنِ عَلَّاقٍ الْعَبْسِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ : مَنْ اسْتَحَقَّ نَوْمًا فَقَدْ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءُ

ʿAli bin Ziyaad related from Sufyaan ath-Thawrii from Saʿiid bin Iyyaas al-Jariirii from Khaalid bin ʿAllaq al-ʿAbasii from Abū Hurayrah that he said “wuḍuu’ becomes an obligation on anyone who sleep.

قَالَ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ : وَأَنَّ رَبِيعَةَ بْنَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ كَانَتْ فِي يَدِهِ مِرْوَحَةٌ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ فَسَقَطَتْ مِنْ يَدِهِ الْـمِرْوَحَةُ وَهُوَ نَاعِسٌ فَتَوَضَّأَ

Ibn Wahb said that Rabiiʿah bin Abū ʿAbdur-Rahmaan, had a fan in his hand while he was sitting.  The fan dropped out of his hand while he dozed off, and so he performed wuḍuu’.

قَالَ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ وَقَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ : مَنْ اسْتَثْقَلَ نَوْمًا فَعَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءُ عَلَى أَيْ حَالٍ كَانَ

Ibn Wahb said that Ibn Abū Salamah said, “, Wuḍuu’ becomes an obligation upon anyone who sleeps heavily, regardless of what the case maybe.”

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