Chapter 5 Mudawwanah – The Chapter About الاسْتِنْجَاءُ (al-Istinjaa’) Because of الرّيح (Gas)

The Chapter About الاسْتِنْجَاءُ (al-Istinjaa’) because of الرّيح (Gas) and الْغَائِطِ ( Defecation)

 

قَالَ‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬لاَ‮ ‬يُسْتَنْجَى مِنْ‮ ‬الرِّيحِ‮ ‬وَلَكِنْ‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬بَالَ‮ ‬أَوْ‮ ‬تَغَوَّطَ‮ ‬فَلْيَغْسِلْ‮ ‬مَخْرَجَ‮ ‬الأََذَى وَحْدَهُ‮ ‬فَقَطْ‮ ‬إنْ‮ ‬بَالَ‮ ‬فَمَخْرَجُ‮ ‬الْبَوْلِ‮ ‬الإِحْلِيلُ‮ ‬وَإِنْ‮ ‬تَغَوَّطَ‮ ‬فَمَخْرَجُ‮ ‬الأََذَى فَقَطْ

He (Ibn al-Qaasim) said, “Maalik said, ‘A person should not perform al-Istinjaa’ because of passing الريح (gas), but, if he urinated or defecated, then let him wash because of the elimination of noxious matter only.  If he urinates, it is because of the elimination of the urine and if he defecates it is because of the elimination of noxious matter only.”

قَالَ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬الْقَاسِمِ‮ ‬قُلْتُ‮ ‬لِـمَالِكٍ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬فَمَنْ‮ ‬تَغَوَّطَ‮ ‬فَاسْتَنْجَى بِالْـحِجَارَةِ‮ ‬ثُمَّ‮ ‬تَوَضَّأَ‮ ‬وَلَمْ‮ ‬يَغْسِلْ‮ ‬مَا هُنَالِكَ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬حَتَّى صَلَّى ؟ قَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬تُـجْزِئُهُ‮ ‬صَلاتُهُ‮ ‬وَلْيَغْسِلْ‮ ‬مَا هُنَالِكَ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬فِيمَا‮ ‬يَسْتَقْبِلُ

Ibn al-Qaasim said, “I said to Maalik, ‘what about the person who defecates and performs istinjaa’ with stones, then performed Wuḍuu’ but did not wash what was there with water, then he prayed?’  He said, ‘His salaah is permitted.  Let him wash what is there with water according to what he finds’ ”

مَالِكٌ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬يَحْيَى بْنِ‮ ‬سَعِيدٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬طَحْلاءَ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عُثْمَانَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬أَنَّ‮ ‬أَبَاهُ‮ ‬أَخْبَرَهُ‮ ‬أَنَّهُ‮ ‬رَأَى عُمَرَ‮ ‬بْنَ‮ ‬الْـخَطَّابِ‮ ‬يَتَوَضَّأُ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬وُضُوءًا لِـمَا تَـحْتَ‮ ‬إزَارِهِ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬مَالِكٌ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬يُرِيدُ‮ ‬الاسْتِنْجَاءَ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬

Maalik related from Yahyaa bin Muhammad bin Tahlaa’ from ʿUthmaan bin ʿAbdur Rahmaan from his father that he inform him that he saw ʿUmar bin Khattaab perform Wuḍuu’ with water and wash what was under his إزار (waist garment).  Ibn al-Qaasim said, “Maalik said he meant istinjaa’ with water.”

ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬اللَّيْثِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬سَعْدٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬أَبِي‮ ‬مَعْشَرٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬مُحَمَّدِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬قَيْسٍ‮ ‬قَاضِي‮ ‬عُمَرَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الْعَزِيزِ‮ ‬إنَّ‮ ‬الْـمُغِيرَةَ‮ ‬بْنَ‮ ‬شُعْبَةَ‮ ‬اتَّبَعَ‮ ‬النَّبِيَّ‮ ‬صَلَّى‮  ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَالسَّلَّـمَ‮ ‬بَاداوة مَاء فِي‮ ‬غَزْوَةِ‮ ‬تَبُوكَ‮ ‬بِإِدَاوَةٍ‮  ‬حِينَ‮ ‬تَبَرَّزَ‮ ‬فَأَخَذَ‮ ‬الإِدَاوَةَ‮ ‬مِنِّْي‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَ‮ ‬‭:‬‮ ‬تَأَخَّرَ‮ ‬عَنِّي‮ ‬فَفَعَلْتُ‮ ‬فَاسْتَنْجَى بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬مَسْلَمَةَ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬عَلِيٍّ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬الأَوْزَاعِيِّ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عَائِشَةَ‮ ‬قَالَتْ‮ ‬إنَّ‮ ‬رَسُولَ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬كَانَ‮ ‬يَفْعَلُهُ‮ ‬،‮ ‬وَقَالَتْ‮ ‬إنَّهُ‮ ‬شِفَاءٌ‮ ‬مِنْ‮ ‬الْبَاسُورِ

Ibn Wahb reported from al-Layth from Abū Maʿshir from Muhammad bin Qays who informed ʿUmar bin ʿAbdul ʿAziiz that al-Mughiirah bin Shuʿbah followed the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم  with a container of water during the battle of Tabuuk.  “He (the Prophet) took it from me and said, ‘follow me.’  I did.  He performed istinjaa’ with water.” Ibn Wahb reported from Muslamah bin ʿAlī from al-Awzaa’ii from ʿAa’ishah that she said that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم used to do it (istinjaa’) and she said, that he was suffering with الباسور (hemorrhoids).

ابْنُ‮ ‬وَهْبٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬زِيَادِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬أَنْعُمٍ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬الرَّحْمَنِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬رَافِعٍ‮ ‬التَّنُوخِيِّ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬عَبْدِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬بْنِ‮ ‬مَسْعُودٍ‮ ‬قَالَ‮ ‬كُنَّا مَعَ‮ ‬رَسُولِ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬لَيْلَةَ‮ ‬الْـجِنِّ‮ ‬فَسَمِعْتُهُمْ‮ ‬يَسْتَفْتُونَهُ‮ ‬عَنْ‮ ‬الاسْتِنْجَاءِ‮ ‬فَسَمِعْتُهُ‮ ‬يَقُولُ‮ ‬ثَلاثََةُ‮ ‬أَحْجَارٍ‮ ‬فَقَالُوا فَكَيْفَ‮ ‬بِالْـمَاءِ‮ ‬؟ قَالَ‮ ‬رَسُولُ‮ ‬اللَّهِ‮ ‬صَلَّى اللَّهُ‮ ‬عَلَيْهِ‮ ‬وَسَلَّمَ‮ ‬هُوَ‮ ‬أَطْهَرُ‮ ‬وَأَطْيَبُ

Ibn Wahb reported from ʿAbdur Rahmaan Ibn Ziyaad bin Anʿum from ʿAbdur Rahmaan bin Raafiʿ at-Tanuukhii from ʿAbdullaah bin Masʿuud, he said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم during ليلة الجن (the night of the Jinn) and I heard them ask him his opinion about al-istinjaa’.  I heard him say, ‘three stones’ (that is to say use three stones for cleaning).  They said, ‘How about water?’  The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلّم said, ‘it is cleaner and better.’ ”


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